Assam

• Assam is located in the northeastern part of India.

• The state is bounded to the north by the kingdom of Bhutan and the state of Arunachal Pradesh, to the east by the states of Nagaland and Manipur, to the south by the states of Mizoram and Tripura, and to the west by Bangladesh and the states of Meghalaya and West Bengal.

• Dispur is the capital of Assam.

• Guwahati is the largest city in Assam and North East. Guwahati is also known as Gateway of North East as it the center point of trade and communication.

• Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Tezpur, Silchar are some important cities of Assam.

• Brahmaputra and Barak are the two major rivers that flow across Assam. Assam has three principal physical regions—the Brahmaputra River valley, the Barak River valley, and the hilly region between Meghalaya (to the west) and Nagaland and Manipur (to the east).

• Economy of the mainly depends on Agriculture and Tea cultivation. Also petroleum, natural gas, and coal are major sources of Economy.

• It has a total area of 30,285 square miles.ropeway-guwahati

• The state has a total of 34 districts.

• According to the 2011 census, the total population of Assam is 3.1 cores.

• The literacy rate is 73.18 percentages.

• Kamakhya Temple, Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary, Majuli, Sivsagar, Srimanta Sankardev Kalakhetra are some of the major tourist attractions in Assam.

• Assamese is the official language of Assam. Besides the Assamese language, Bodo, Bengali, Karbi are some other languages spoken in Assam. More than forty languages are spoken by different communities in Assam.

• Bihu is the main festival of Assam.

• The world’s largest river island Majuli is situated in Assam.

• The famous Indian one-horned rhinoceros is found only in Assam.

• Bodo, Miri, Karbi, Rabha, Kachari, Lalung, Deori, Dimasa, etc are some of the major ethnic groups found in Assam.


State Symbols of Assam
Category English Term Assamese Term
Animal One-horned rhinoceros Gor
Bird White-winged wood duck Deo haah
Dance Bihu Dance Bihu nas
Festival Bihu Bihu
Flower Foxtail Orchids Kopou phul
Language Assamese Axomiya
Literary Society Assam Literary Society Axom Xahityo Xobha
Motto Hail mother Assam Joi Aai Axom
Seal Government of Assam Axom sorkar
Song O my dearest country O Mur Apunar Dekh
Tree Dipterocarpus macrocarpus Hollong


Districts of Assam
District Headquarter Population (2011) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Baksa Mushalpur 9,53,773 2,400 398
Barpeta Barpeta 16,93,190 3,245 506
Biswanath Biswanath Chariali 5,80,000 1,100 530
Bongaigaon Bongaigaon 20,60,550 1,724 425
Cachar Silchar 17,36,319 3,786 381
Charaideo Sonari
Chirang Kajalgaon 4,81,818 1,468 328
Darrang Mangaldai 9,08,090 1,585 432
Dhemaji Dhemaji 6,88,077 3,237 176
Dhubri Dhubri 19,48,632 2,838 576
Dibrugarh Dibrugarh 13,27,748 3,381 347
Dima Hasao Haflong 2,14,102 4,888 44
Goalpara Goalpara 10,08,959 1,824 451
Golaghat Golaghat 10,58,674 3,502 270
Hailakandi Hailakandi 6,59,260 1,327 409
Hojai Hojai 9,31,218
Jorhat Jorhat 10,91,295 2,851 354
Kamrup Metropolitan Guwahati 12,60,419 1,528 820
Kamrup Amingaon 15,17,202 1,527.84 520
Karbi Anglong Diphu 9,65,280 10,434 78
Karimganj Karimganj 12,17,002 1,809 555
Kokrajhar# Kokrajhar 9,30,404 3,129 297
Lakhimpur North Lakhimpur 10,40,644 2,277 391
Majuli Garamur 1,67,304 880 300
Morigaon Morigaon 9,57,853 1,704 455
Nagaon Nagaon 18,92,550 2,287 604
Nalbari Nalbari 7,69,919 2,257 504
Sivasagar Sivasagar 11,50,253 2,668 395
Sonitpur Tezpur 19,25,975 5,324 315
South Salmara-Mankachar Hatsingimari 5,55,114 568 980
Tinsukia Tinsukia 13,16,948 3,790 303
Udalguri Udalguri 8,32,769 1,676 497
West Karbi Anglong Hamren 3,00,320 3,035 99