Bihar at a glance

Bihar is a state located in the northeastern region of India, known for its rich cultural heritage and historical significance. The capital city is Patna, and the largest city is Patna. The official language is Hindi and the population as of 2021 census is approximately 125 million. The economy of the state is primarily based on agriculture, with major crops including rice, wheat, and maize. The state is also rich in minerals such as coal, bauxite, and limestone.

Historically, Bihar has been an important center of Buddhism and has many ancient Buddhist shrines and monasteries. The state is also famous for the ancient university of Nalanda, which was one of the earliest centers of higher learning in the world.

Here, Bihar at a glance provides important information and figures about Bihar. This is helpful for General Knowledge exams.

Bihar at a glance
Particulars Description
Capital Patna
Established 22 March 1912 
Largest City Patna
Latitude 24°20'10"N and 27°31'15"N
Longitude 83°19'50"E and 88°17'40"E
Area Total 94,163 km2
Districts 38
Sub-divisions 101
Blocks 534
No. of Municipal Corporations 17
Total Towns 199
Villages 45103
Total Population (Census 2011) 10,40,99,452
Male (Census 2011) 5,42,78,157
Female (Census 2011) 4,98,21,295
Density 1,106/km2
Literacy Rate -Total 61.80%
Literacy Rate -Male 71.20%
Literacy Rate -Female 51.50%
Highest peak Sivalik Hills (2,887 ft)
Official Language Hindi
State Mammal Gaur
State Bird House Sparrow
State Fruit Mango
State Flower Kachnar
State Tree Peepal tree 
Airport Gaya, Patna, Jogbani, Muzaffarpur and Raxaul
Lok Sabha Constituency 40
Rajya Sabha Seat 16
Vidhan Sabha Constituency Assembly - 243, Legislative Council - 78