Famous Indian monuments with Place and State
Monuments are the architectural greats that were built during different periods of time. As India is ruled by various dynasties from ancient periods, India is blessed with many beautiful and historically important monuments spread all over India. Some of these monuments are built for worship purposes while some are built for self-defense like a fortification.
The Taj Mahal: This iconic mausoleum, located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. It was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is made of white marble and is adorned with intricate carvings and inlaid with precious stones. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a major tourist attraction in India.
The Red Fort: This massive red sandstone fort is located in Delhi and was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the 17th century. It served as the main residence of the Mughal emperors and is an important symbol of India's Mughal heritage. The Red Fort is known for its impressive architecture and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Qutub Minar: This towering minaret is located in Delhi and was built by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, the first Muslim ruler of India, in the 12th century. It is made of red sandstone and marble and is adorned with intricate carvings and calligraphy. The Qutub Minar is the tallest brick minaret in the world and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Khajuraho Temple: This group of medieval Hindu temples is located in Madhya Pradesh and are known for their erotic carvings and sculptures. The temples were built between the 9th and 12th centuries and are an important example of medieval Indian architecture. They are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Gateway of India: is a monument located in Mumbai, it was built to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to India in 1911. The Gateway of India is an arch-monument built of yellow basalt and reinforced concrete. It is a major tourist attraction in Mumbai and serves as the starting point for boat tours to the nearby Elephanta Caves.
The Konark Sun Temple: This 13th-century temple is located in the state of Odisha and is dedicated to the Hindu god Surya. It is known for its intricate carvings and sculptures, including a large chariot pulled by seven horses. The temple is an excellent example of Kalinga architecture and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Meenakshi Temple: This temple is located in the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu and is dedicated to the goddess Meenakshi. It is a historic Hindu temple and is known for its colorful gopuram (tower) and intricate carvings. The temple is an important pilgrimage site for Hindus and is considered one of the most significant temples in South India.
The Sanchi Stupa: This Buddhist monument is located in the state of Madhya Pradesh and was built in the 3rd century BC. It is one of the oldest stone structures in India and is an important example of ancient Indian architecture and engineering. The stupa is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered one of the most important Buddhist monuments in India.
The Ajanta Caves: These ancient rock-cut caves are located in the state of Maharashtra and are known for their intricate frescoes and sculptures. The caves were built between the 2nd century BC and the 6th century AD and are an important example of ancient Indian art and architecture. The Ajanta Caves are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Victoria Memorial: It is located in Kolkata and is a grand monument built in memory of Queen Victoria. The memorial is made of white marble and is a mix of Italian Renaissance and British architecture. Inside the memorial, you can find a museum containing a collection of British and Indian art and artifacts. It is a popular tourist attraction and is considered an important symbol of British colonial architecture in India.
These are just a few examples of the many monuments that India has to offer. Each one has its own unique history and cultural significance, and all of them are worth visiting to get a deeper understanding of India's rich past and heritage.
Here is a list of some great monuments of India.
|Ajanta and Ellora Caves||Aurangabad||Maharastra|
|Basilica of Bom Jesus||Old Goa||Goa|
|Gateway of India||Mumbai||Maharastra|
|Gomateshwara Temple||Vindhyagiri Hills||Karnataka|
|Khajuraho Temples||Khajuraho||Madhya Pradesh|
|Mahabodhi Temple||Bodh Gaya||Bihar|
|Sanchi Stupa||Sanchi Town||Madhya Pradesh|
|Taj Mahal||Agra||Uttar Pradesh|