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Great Battles of India

First Battle of Panipat

Date : 21st April, 1526

Location: Panipat, Haryana

Fought between: Babur of Timurids and Ibrahim Lodi of Lodi dynasty.

Result: Decisive Mughal victory and end of Lodi Dynasty in India. Babur started for the process of establishment of Mughal Empire in India.

Second Battle of Panipat

Date : 5th November, 1556

Location: Panipat, Haryana

Fought between: Akbar of Mughal Empire and Hemu Vikramaditya.

Result: Decisive Mughal victory and recapture of Delhi.

Third Battle of Panipat

Date : 14th January, 1761

Location: Panipat, Haryana

Fought between: Maratha Empire and Ahmad Shah Abdali of Durrani Empire.

Result: Decisive victory of Durrani Empire. Maratha lost the control of Delhi.

Battle of Khanwa

Date : 16th March, 1527

Location; Khanwa, Rajasthan

Fought between: Rana Sanga of Rajput Confederation and Babur of Mughal Empire.

Result: Decisive victory of the first Mughal Emperor Babur.

Battle of Buxar

Date : 22nd October 1764

Location: Buxar, Bihar

Fought between: East India Company and Shah Alam II of Mughal Empire.

Result: Victory of East India Company. East Indian Company got the control of Ganga Valley. The war was brought to an end by the Treaty of Allahabad in 1765.

Battle of Plassey

Date : 23rd June 1757

Location: Palashi, Bengal Subah

Fought between: East India Company and Siraj ud-Daulah of Bengal.

Result : British victory. British East India Company annexed Bengal after the war.

First Battle of Tarain

Date : 1191

Location: Thanesar, Haryana

Fought between: Muhammad of Ghor and Prithviraj Chauhan of Delhi.

Result: Prithviraj defeated Muhammad of Ghor and retakes the fortress of Bhatinda.

Second Battle of Tarain

Date : 1192

Location: Thanesar, Haryana

Fought between: Muhammad of Ghor and Prithviraj Chauhan.

Result : Muhammad of Ghor win the battle and kill Prithviraj Chauhan. Muhammad of Ghor captured Delhi after the war.

Battle of Haldighati

Date : 18th June, 1576

Location: Haldighati, Rajasthan

Fought between: Maharana Pratap of Mewar and Akbar of Mughal Empire.

Result : Mughal won the war but failed to capture Maharana Pratap.

Battle of the Hydaspes

Date : May 326 BC

Location: Hydaspes River

Fought between: Alexander the Great of Macedonian and Porus

Result: Alexander won the war. But he reinstated Porus as a satrap of his own kingdom.

Battle of Karnal

Date : 24th February, 1739

Location: Karnal, Punjab

Fought between: Nader Shah of Persian Empire and Muhammad Shah of Mughal Empire

Result : Decisive Persian victory and looting of Delhi after the war.

Battle of Saraighat

Date : 1671

Location: Saraighat, Guwahati

Fought between: Mughal Empire and Ahom Kingdom

Result: Ahom Army defeated the Mughal Army and extended Ahom Kingdom’s border to Guwahati.






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