History of railways in India......

Indian Railways is operated by the Ministry of Railways. It is the fourth largest railway network in the world by size. Indian Railway (IR) runs more than 20,000 passenger trains daily. From the first railway proposals in Madras in 1832 to now, the Indian railway achieves many milestones. Here is the list of some important historical events that the Indian railway passed through.

Indian Railway
Incident Time/Facts
First proposal Madras 1832
Founded On April 16th, 1853, when a train with 14 railway carriages and 400 guests left Bombay's Bori Bunder for Thane.
Track gauge 1676 mm; 1000 mm; 762 mm; 610 mm
Electrification 26,269 km
Length 115,000 km of track length over a route of 67,312 km
Headquarter New Delhi, India
Stations 8000 to 8500
Nationalization 1951
First Railway Bridge Dapoorie Viaduct on the Mumbai-Thane route
First Rail Tunnel Parsik Tunnel
First Underground Railway Calcutta Metro
Normal length of a passenger train 24 coaches
First Computerized Reservation New Delhi (1986)
Fastest Train India New Delhi-Bhopal Shatabdi Express is the fastest train in India (runs at a speed up to 150 Km/ph)
First electric train Ran between Bombay's Victoria Terminus and Kurla along the Harbour Line of CR, on February 3, 1925, a distance of 9.5 miles
Shortest Station Name Ib, near Jharsuguda in Odisha and Od, near Anand in Gujarat
Longest Station Name Venkatanarasimharajuvariipeta on the Arakkonam-Renigunta section near Chennai
Oldest Station Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Oldest trains still running Bangalore Mail has been running in various guises since 1864
Highest railway station Ghoom
Oldest running dining car The Bombay-Pune Deccan Queen
Busiest Railway Station Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Longest Run (Time) Vivek Express from Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari travels a distance of 4273
Shortest Run Route between Nagpur and Ajni (3km)
Longest Run for Daily Train Kerala Express (3054 km in 42.5 hrs)
Longest Non-Stop Run (Distance) Trivandrum Rajdhani covering 528 km
Longest Railway Platform Gorakhpur (1.35 km in length)
Longest Railway Bridge Rail link between Idapalli railway station and ICTT, 4.62km
Tallest bridge The Ghambir Khad bridge between Jammu Tawi and Udhampur is 77m tall.
Longest Tunnel Karbude Tunnel of the Konkan Railway (6.5 km)
Oldest Preserved Locomotive Fairy Queen (1855), still in working order
Daily Runs About 10,000 trains
Daily Carries More than 11 million passengers & 1 million tonnes of freight
Railway Station with all the Three Gauges Siliguri Railway Station
People Employed About 1.6 million people, fourth largest employer in World
Train with Maximum Number of Halts Howrah-Amritsar Express (115 halts)
Stations across State Lines Navapur (Maharashtra and Gujarat), Bhawani Mandi (Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan)
Northernmost railway station Baramulla in Jammu and Kashmir
Western most station Naliya near Bhuj in Gujarat
Southernmost railway station Kanyakumari
East most railway station Ledo on branch line from Tinsukia
Least punctual train Guwahati-Trivandrum Express is said to be the most unreliable long-distance train in the country. The charted journey time is 65 hours and 5 minutes, but the average delay on a trip is about 10-12 hours.
Longest non-stop travel/ Trains with most stops Trivandrum - H. Nizamuddin Rajdhani Express travels the 528km stretch between Vadodara and Kota non-stop
First electric locomotive 1908
UNESCO World Heritage Sites Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus and the Mountain Railways of ( Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a narrow gauge railway in West Bengal)
First double Decker train Flying Rani introduced in 2005
Largest railway complex in India Howrah Station
Train crosses the largest number of states Navyug express between Mangalore and Jammu Tawi
Train crossed maximum number of zones Ernakulam-Barauni
The largest distance entirely in one state Kolhapur-Gondia Maharashtra Exp
Shortest distance between stations Safilguda and Dayanand Nagar stations on the Secunderabad, 170m apart.