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First proposal

Madras 1832


On April 16th, 1853, when a train with 14 railway carriages and 400 guests left Bombay's Bori Bunder for Thane.

Track gauge

1676 mm; 1000 mm; 762 mm; 610 mm


21,500 km


65,000 km


New Delhi, India


7000 to 8000



First Railway Bridge

Dapoorie Viaduct on the Mumbai-Thane route

First Rail Tunnel

Parsik Tunnel

First Underground Railway

Calcutta Metro

Normal length of a passenger train

24 coaches

First Computerized Reservation

New Delhi (1986)

Fastest Train

India New Delhi-Bhopal Shatabdi Express is the fastest train in India (runs at a speed up to 150 Km/ph)

First electric train

Ran between Bombay's Victoria Terminus and Kurla along the Harbour Line of CR, on February 3, 1925, a distance of 9.5 miles

Shortest Station Name

Ib, near Jharsuguda in Odisha and Od, near Anand in Gujarat

Longest Station Name

Venkatanarasimharajuvariipeta on the Arakkonam-Renigunta section near Chennai

Oldest Station

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

Oldest trains still running

Bangalore Mail has been running in various guises since 1864

Highest railway station


Oldest running dining car

The Bombay–Pune Deccan Queen

Busiest Railway Station

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

Longest Run (Time)

Vivek Express from Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari travels a distance of 4273

Shortest Run

Route between Nagpur and Ajni (3km)

Longest Run for Daily Train

Kerala Express (3054 km in 42.5 hrs)

Longest Non-Stop Run (Distance)

Trivandrum Rajdhani covering 528 km

Longest Railway Platform

Gorakhpur (1.35 km in length)

Longest Railway Bridge

Rail link between Idapalli railway station and ICTT, 4.62km

Tallest bridge

The Ghambir Khad bridge between Jammu Tawi and Udhampur is 77m tall.

Longest Tunnel

Karbude Tunnel of the Konkan Railway (6.5 km)

Oldest Preserved Locomotive

Fairy Queen (1855), still in working order

Daily Runs

About 10,000 trains

Daily Carries

More than 11 million passengers & 1 million tonnes of freight

Railway Station with all the Three Gauges

Siliguri Railway Station

People Employed

About 1.6 million people, fourth largest employer in World

Train with Maximum Number of Halts

Howrah-Amritsar Express (115 halts)

Stations across State Lines

Navapur (Maharashtra and Gujarat), Bhawani Mandi (Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan)

Northernmost railway station

Baramulla in Jammu and Kashmir

Western most station

Naliya near Bhuj in Gujarat

Southernmost railway station


East most railway station

Ledo on branch line from Tinsukia

Least punctual train

Guwahati-Trivandrum Express is said to be the most unreliable long-distance train in the country. The charted journey time is 65 hours and 5 minutes, but the average delay on a trip is about 10-12 hours.

Longest non-stop travel/ Trains with most stops

Trivandrum - H. Nizamuddin Rajdhani Express travels the 528km stretch between Vadodara and Kota non-stop

First electric locomotive


UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus  and the Mountain Railways of ( Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a narrow gauge railway in West Bengal)

First double Decker train

Flying Rani introduced in 2005

Largest railway complex in India

Howrah Station

Train crosses the largest number of states

Navyug express between Mangalore and Jammu Tawi

Train crossed maximum number of zones


The largest distance entirely in one state

Kolhapur-Gondia Maharashtra Exp,

Shortest distance between stations

Safilguda and Dayanand Nagar stations on the Secunderabad, 170m apart.

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