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Jharkhand

• Jharkhand is a state in eastern part of India.

• The state is formed on 15th November, 2000 from Bihar.

• Jharkhand shares its boundary with the Bihar on the north, Odisha to the south, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west and West Bengal to the east.

• Ranchi is the capital city of Jharkhand. Jamshedpur is the largest and the biggest industrial city of the state. The sub-capital of the state is Dumka.

• The population of the state according to 2011 census is 32,988,134.

• The literacy rate is 66.40%. Hindi, Santhali, Mundari, Bengali, Oriya, Kurukh are the languages spoken in Jharkhand.

• Density in the state is 414 persons per sq. km.

• Total number of districts in the state is 24.

• The main rivers in the state are Koel, Damodar, Brahmani, Subarnarekha and Kharkai.

• Jharkhand contains 40% of the mineral resources of India. The main mineral resources found in Jharkhand are like Coal, Iron, Copper, Uranium, Mica,

Bauxite, Granite, Gold, Silver, Graphite, Magnetite, Dolomite, Fireclay, Quartz, Fieldspar, etc.

• The state has rich flora and fauna.

• The state is a tribal dominated state. Santhal, Oraon, Ho, Bhumij, Kharia are the some of the main tribal communities in the state.

• The economy of the state is depend on industry and agriculture. Dhanbad is known as the Coal Capital of India. Some of the biggest factories are located in Jharkhand are like fertiliser factory, Steel plant, Iron and steel factory etc.

• Bokaro steel plant is the largest steel plant in Asia.

Districts of Jharkhand
District Headquarters Area (km2) Population (2011) Population Density (/km2)
Bokaro Bokaro 2,861 20,61,918 716
Chatra Chatra 3,700 10,42,304 275
Deoghar Deoghar 2,479 14,91,879 602
Dhanbad Dhanbad 2,075 26,82,662 1,284
Dumka Dumka 4,404 13,21,096 300
East Singhbhum Jamshedpur 3,533 22,91,032 648
Garhwa Garhwa 4,064 13,22,387 327
Giridih Giridih 4,887 24,45,203 497
Godda Godda 2,110 13,11,382 622
Gumla Gumla 5327 10,25,656 193
Hazaribag Hazaribag 4,302 17,34,005 403
Jamtara Jamtara 1,802 7,90,207 439
Khunti Khunti 2,467 5,30,299 215
Koderma Koderma 1,312 7,17,169 427
Latehar Latehar 3,630 7,25,673 200
Lohardaga Lohardaga 1,494 4,61,738 310
Pakur Pakur 1,805 8,99,200 498
Palamu Daltonganj 5,082 19,36,319 381
Ramgarh Ramgarh 1,212 9,49,159 684
Ranchi Ranchi 7,974 29,12,022 557
Sahibganj Sahebganj 1,599 11,50,038 719
Seraikela Kharsawan Seraikela 2,725 10,63,458 390
Simdega Simdega 3,750 5,99,813 160
West Singhbhum Chaibasa 7,186 15,01,619 209







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