Mahatma Gandhi Biography
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born at Porbunder, Kathiawar, the youngest of the three sons of Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai. His father was a Prime Minister in Porbunder, Rajkot and Vankaner States. At the age of thirteen he had married to Kasturbai.
After passing the Entrance Examination he went to England to study law in 1888 to study law. Gandhi completed his law in England and came back to India in 1893. He started his career as a lawyer. He went to South Africa to deal with the cases of a famous merchant named Abdula Seth.
In South Africa discovered that the white men were ill treating the Indians there. He developed a method of action based upon the principles of non-violence, courage and truth called Satyagraha. Gandhi and his friends were jailed but they carried on fight. In 1914 the Indian Relief Act was passed.
He returned to India in 1915. Mahatma Gandhi led the national freedom struggle against the British rule. Under his leadership, the Congress started non-violence, non-cooperation movements to protest against cruel acts of the British Government. In 1915 poet and Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore bestowed the title Mahatma on Gandhi. During 1915-16, he travelled India and Burma, mostly in general class on the railways. The British passed the Rowlett Act in 1919 to deal with the revolutionaries. Gandhi made the Rowlett Act an issue and appealed to the people to observe peaceful demonstration on April 6, 1919. Mahatma Gandhi was elected as the president of the Indian National Congress in 1921 at Belgaum. On 12th March 1930, Gandhi started his Civil Disobedience with his famous 'Dandi March' to break the salt laws. Many leaders and persons courted arrest. In 1931 Gandhi went to England to attend the Second Round Table Conference in 1931. In 1933, he published the weekly paper Harijan.
On March 1942, Sir Stafford Cripps came to India with his proposals which were rejected by all political parties. After the failure of Cripps’ mission, the congress passed at Bombay the Quit India Resolution (August 8, 1942) which demanded immediate British withdrawal from India. On 22nd February 1944, Kasturba Gandhi dies in Aga Khan’s Palace.
In 1947, British Indian Empire became
independent, and broke into two different countries, India
and Pakistan. Gandhi decides to fast for communal peace
during partition in Delhi. On 30th January, 1948 He was
assassinated in the garden of the Birla House in New Delhi
at 5:17 PM by Nathuram Godse.
He always follows the path of Truth and nonviolence. Gandhi's principle of satyagraha, often translated as "way of truth" or "pursuit of truth", has inspired other democratic and anti-racist activists like Martin Luther King, Jr., Nelson Mandela and many others.