World Famous Structures
Saint Peter’s Basilica
Location: Venice, Italy
Built: 1506 - 1615
Build By: Pope Julius II
It one of the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture and Until 1989 St. Peter’s was the largest church in Christendom. It was designed principally by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Location: Rome, Italy
Built: 70 AD-80 AD
Build By: Vespasian and Titus
The Colosseum was a huge public entertainment center. It is originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre. It has 80 arched entrances allowing easy access to 55,000 spectators.
Great Pyramid of Giza
Location: El Giza, Egypt
Built: 2550 BC
Build By: Pharaoh Khufu
It one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The largest pyramid ever built, it incorporates about 2.3 million stone blocks, weighing an average of 2.5 to 15 tons each. The pyramid has three burial chambers. The four faces of the pyramid are slightly concave, the only pyramid to have been built this way.
Location: Pisa, Italy
The Tower of Pisa stands at 60 meters and until 1990 was leaning at about a 10 degree angle. The tower has eight stories, including the chamber for the bells. It was built as a freestanding bell tower for the cathedral in Pisa. It began to lean in 1178 once construction on the second floor had begun. The lean was due to one side sinking into the soft ground.
Location: Athens, Greece
Built: 447 BC-438 BC
Parthenon is chief temple of the Greek goddess Athena on the hill of the Acropolis at Athens. The Parthenon was designed by Phidias, a famous sculptor, at the behest of Pericles, a Greek politician credited with the founding of the city of Athens and with stimulating the so-called "Golden Age of Greece".
Great SphinxLocation: Giza, Egypt
Built: 2500 BC
Build By: Pharaoh Khafre
It is the largest monolith statue in the world. It is 241 feet long, 20 feet wide and 66 feet high. It is a mythological creature with the body of a lion and the head of a person.
Location: Washington D.C., USA
Built: 1792 - 1800
It is formerly known as the Executive Mansion (1810–1902). The house was designed by Irish-born James Hoban. It is the official office and residence of the president of the United States. It has been the residence of every U.S. president since John Adams in 1800.
Tower of London
Location: London, United Kingdom
Build By: William the Conqueror
Originally the Tower was a Royal Palace and defensive fortress, built by William The Conqueror. During WW2, the Tower was used as a Prisoner Of War camp. The Crown Jewels have been held at the Tower of London since the reign of Henry III.
Location: London, England
Build By: Henry III
It is formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster. It stands just west of the Houses of Parliament in the Greater London borough of Westminster. There are two Elizabethan bells to call worshippers to services and 10 modern bells for change ringing. Over 3,000 famous people have been buried in Westminster Abbey over the centuries. The tombs of Charles Dickens, David Livingstone and Charles Darwin can be seen here, as well as those of several British poets.
Notre-Dame de Paris
Location: Paris, France
Notre Dame is located on the Paris Island called Ile de la Cite. Notre Dame is the spiritual heart of the French capital. It is also a shrine that preserves the Crown of Thorns.
Palace of Versailles
Location: Versailles, France
Built: 1631- 1634
Build By: Louis XIII
It is former French royal residence and centre of government, now a national landmark.
Location: Paris, France
Build By: Gustave Eiffel
When the French government was organizing the International Exposition of 1889 to celebrate the centenary of the French Revolution, a competition was held for designs for a suitable monument. More than 100 plans were submitted, and the Centennial Committee accepted that of the noted bridge engineer Gustave Eiffel. When completed, the tower served as the entrance gateway to the exposition. In the opening weeks of World War I, powerful radio transmitters were fitted to the tower in order to jam German communications. Today, both radio and television stations broadcast their signals from the top of the Eiffel.
Location: Agra, India
Build By: Shah Jahan
It is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra on the southern bank of the Yamuna River. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The construction of the Taj Mahal was entrusted to a board of architects under imperial supervision, including Abd ul-Karim Ma'mur Khan, Makramat Khan, and Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. Lahauri is generally considered to be the principal designer.