Timeline of Indian History ......

          2800 BC        Indus Valley Civilization begins in the northwestern region of India

          2600 BC        Mohenjo-daro and Harappa phase of the Indus Valley Civilization begins, in Punjab and

                                  Sindh. Other cities like Lothal, Mehrgarh also emerged during this period.

          1600 BC         India is invaded by the Aryans from the westGautam Budha

          1400 BC        The Vedas, the Hindu scripture, was written

          600 BC           The Upanishads written

          599 BC           Mahavira, 24th Tirthankar of Jainism is born

          563 BC           Gautam Buddha, founder of Buddhism is born in Lumbini

          527 BC           Nirvana of Mahavira

          492 BC           Bimbisara dies and is succeeded by Ajatashatru in Magadha Empire

          483 BC           Death of Gautama Buddha in Kushinagar

          326 BC           Alexander the Great moved into India, King Porus who ruled parts of the Punjab, fought

                                   Alexander at the Battle of the Hydaspes River.

          321 BC           Chandragupta Maurya established Mauryan dynasty defeating Dhana Nanda

          305 BC           Chandragupta Maurya defeats Seleucus Nicator of the Seleucid Empire.

          300 BC           Chola dynasty establishes his kingdom over southern India with capital in Thanjavur

          269 BC           Ashoka the Great, grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, becomes the emperor of India

          261 BC           Kalinga War takes place between Magadha Empire and the kingdom of Kalinga.

          232 BC           Death of King Ashoka

          185 BC           The Mauryan Empire,  collapsed after its emperor Brihadrata was assassinated by his

                                   general Pusyamitra Sunga who then established the Sunga dynasty

          50 AD             Establishment of the Kushan empire by Kujula Kadphises, first Buddhist stupa is

                                   constructed at Sanchi

          300                 The Pallava dynasty is established in Kanchi

          320                 The Gupta dynasty founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, reunited northern India initiating

                                    the "golden Age" of India

          335                 King Samudragupta ascends the Gupta throne and expands the empire.

          380                 Chandragupta II, Samudragupta's son becomes the Gupta Emperor.

          450                 Invasions by the Huna.

          606                 Harshavardhana crowned Monarch.

          712                 First Muslim, Md. Bin Qasim defeats Raja Dahir Guru Nanak

          1021              Mahmud Ghazni defeats Tarnochalpal and annexes Punjab

          1206              Qutb ub-din Aybak establishes the Delhi Sultanate

          1221              Genghis Khan invades Punjab

          1236              Razia Sultana, only lady ruler of Delhi

          1290             Jalal ud-Din Firuz establishes the Khilji sultanate at Delhi

          1298              Marco Polo visits India

          1336              Vijayanagara Empire established by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I

          1398              Timur conquered India resulting in the decline of the Delhi Sultanate

          1469              Birth of Guru Nanak Dev

          1497              Vasco de Gama's first voyage from Europe to India and back (to 1499)

          1526              Babur established the Mughal Empire

          1555              Mughal king Humayun comes to fight Sher Shah and regains India

          1556              Humayun dies, and is succeeded by Akbar

          1600             Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter to the East India Company established trading posts

                                  in Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras

          1605              Akbar dies, and is succeeded by his son Jehangir.

          1612              British arrives India

          1632              Taj Mahal construction initiated by Mughal ruler Shah Jahan

          1653              Shah Jahan completes Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan dies, and is succeeded by his son


          1675              Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs is executed in Delhi. Guru Gobind Singh

                                   becomes tenth Guru of Sikhs.

          1680              Shivaji dies at Raigad, Sambhaji became 2nd Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire

          1707              Death of Aurangzeb the Mughal emperor.

          1757             In Battle of Plassey, Robert Clive, leads British forces which defeated the Mughal

                                  governor of Bengal Mir Jafar

          1774             Warren Hastings appointed the first governor general of India by the East India


          1775              First Anglo-Maratha War

          1799              Death of Tipu Sultan

          1853              Started Post Service

          1853              First Railway established between Bombay and Thane

          1857              Indian Mutiny Rebellion of 1857(10th May)

          1857              Establishment of University of Mumbai, University of Madras and University of Calcutta 

                                  in India

          1858             The British government ruled India, Lord Dalhousie becomes the Governor-General of


          1862             Death of Bahadur Shah Zafar

          1869              "Arya Samaj" Established

          1876              Queen Victoria was given the title Empress of India by the British Parliament

          1885              Burma became an Indian province

          1885              The Indian National Congress was formed (28th December)

          1905              The British government divided Bengal into separate Hindu and Muslim sections

          1909              Morley-Minto Reforms Mahatma Gandhi

          1914             World War 1

          1915              Mahatma Gandhi returns back to India

          1919              Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (13th April)

          1920              Mahatma Gandhi became president of Indian National 

                                  Congress, Non-cooperation movement Khilafat Movement

          1927              Simon Commission

          1929              Central Assembly Bombed by Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt.

          1930              Purna Swaraj resolution in Lahore, Salt Satyagraha started

          1931              Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev Martyred (23rd  March)

          1935              Government of India Act

          1939              World War 2 began

          1940              Muhammad Ali Jinnah demanded that a new country be formed from India for the

                                  Muslims, which would be called Pakistan

          1942              Quit India Movement

          1942              Indian National Army Established by Subhas Chandra Bose

          1945              World War II ended when United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and

                                  Nagasaki (August)

          1946              Royal Indian Navy Mutiny

          1946              The British government agreed to grant India independence

          1947             British and Indian leaders agreed to divide the country into India and Pakistan

          1947              India became independent (15th August)

          1948              Mahatma Gandhi assassinated Nathuram Godse (30th January)

          1950              Constitution of India came into effect and Jawaharlal Nehru became the Indian first

                                   prime minister (26th January)


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