Current Affairs, October2018

31st October, Current Affairs:

• India has climbed 23 places to reach the 77th spot among 190 nations in World Bank's Ease of Doing Business ranking.
• Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the Statue of Unity as a tribute to freedom icon Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on his 143rd birth anniversary. The statue is the tallest statue in the world with 182 metres.
• Veteran actor Anupam Kher resigned as the chairman of top film school Film and Television Institute of India (FTII).

27th October, Current Affairs:

• Prime Minister Narendra Modi left for Japan to attend the annual summit with his counterpart Shinzo Abe.
• Sri Lanka President Maithripala Sirisena suspended parliament, deepening political turmoil after he sacked the country's Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe.
• The Central Government has appointed Indian Revenue Service (IRS) officer Sanjay Kumar Mishra as interim director of the Enforcement Directorate (ED) for three months.
• Indian Captain Virat Kohli becomes the first Indian batsman to score three consecutive centuries in ODI. He scores three consecutive hundreds against West Indies team in the ongoing ODI series.

24th October, Current Affairs:

• Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been conferred with the Seoul Peace Prize for 2018 for his contribution to international cooperation and fostering global economic growth.
• M Nageshwar Rao is appointed as the new interim director of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).
• Team India skipper Virat Kohli became the fastest batsman in the world to score 10,000 runs in One-Day Internationals (ODIs). Kohli achieve this record on his 213th ODI match.

23rd October, Current Affairs:

• The Supreme court allowed the use of safer firecrackers from 8 pm to 10 pm on Diwali next month. Firecrackers will be allowed between 11:55 pm and 12:30 am on Christmas and New Year.

21st October, Current Affairs:

• The Prime Minister hoisted the national flag at Red Fort to mark the 75th anniversary of proclamation of the Azad Hind government by Subhas Chandra Bose. PM Modi also inaugurates the National Police Museum and Memorial in New Delhi.
• Saina Nehwal settles for silver after defeated by Chinese Taipei's Tai Tzu Ying 13-21, 21-13 and 6-21 in the Denmark Open final.

20th October, Current Affairs:

• Mumbai defeated Delhi by four wickets to win their third Vijay Hazare Trophy title at M Chinnaswamy stadium in Bengaluru.

19th October, Current Affairs:

• Vijayadashami also known as Dusshera is celebrated today in India.

16th October, Current Affairs:

• Irish Author Anna Burns won the Britain's renowned Man Booker Prize 2018 for her third novel 'Milkman'.

15th October, Current Affairs:

• Co-founder of Microsoft Paul Gardner Allen, an investor, entrepreneur and philanthropist, passed away at the age of 65.

14th October, Current Affairs:

• India concluded its campaign at the 2018 Asian Para Games in Jakarta, Indonesia with 72 medals that included 15 gold, 24 silver and 33 bronze medals. India was placed ninth in the overall tally.

12th October, Current Affairs:

• India elected to the United Nations' Human Rights Council ' for a period of three years beginning January 1, 2019.

11th October, Current Affairs:

• Senior Advocate Tushar Mehta appointed as the Solicitor General of India.

10th October, Current Affairs:

• The World Mental Health Day was observed by the World Health Organisation (WHO).
• Indian-American Nikki Haley resigned as the United States Ambassador to the United Nations.

9th October, Current Affairs:

• Weightlifter Jeremy Lalrinnunga wins India’s maiden gold medal at the Youth Olympics, claiming the top honours in the men’s 62 kg category.

7th October, Current Affairs:

• The Indian Air Force (IAF) celebrated 86th Air Force Day.
• The Royal Swedish Academy decided to award the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2018 to William D. Nordhaus and Paul M. Romer, for “integrating innovation and climate with economic growth.”

6th October, Current Affairs:

• The Election Commission announce the date for the State Assembly election of Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram and Telangana. The election will begin on November 12 and continue till December 7. The results will be announced on December 11.
• India beat West Indies by an innings and 272 runs at the Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium in Rajkot. The win was India's biggest-ever in the history of Test cricket and also India's 100th Test win at home.

5th October, Current Affairs:

• India and Russia today concluded the contract signing for a major 5 billion dollar S-400 missile defence system in New Delhi in a meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
• The Nobel Peace Prize for 2018 has been awarded to Congolese gynaecologist Dr. Denis Mukwege and Yazidi human rights activist Nadia Murad.
• Virat Kohli became the only Indian cricketer to score more than 1000 runs in Test cricket for the third consecutive year.

4th October, Current Affairs:

• Russian President Vladimir Putin has arrived in New Delhi on a two-day visit.
• ICICI Bank Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer Chanda Kochhar resign from her post. Bank appoints Sandeep Bakhshi as the new Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer.
• Reliance Industries’ Chairman Mukesh Ambani has emerged as the richest Indian for the 11th consecutive year with a net worth of USD 47.3 billion, according to Forbes magazine.
• Prithvi Shaw made history by becoming the youngest Indian to score a Test century on debut. Shaw, at 18 years and 329 days, reached the historic three-figure mark off just 99 balls against the Windies on Day 1 of the opening Test at the Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium, Rajkot.

3rd October, Current Affairs:

• In a brief ceremony in Rashtrapati Bhavan, Justice Ranjan Gogoi sworn in as the 46th Chief Justice of India by President Ram Nath Kovind.
• 2018 Nobel Chemistry prize awarded to Frances Arnold, George Smith and Gregory Winter. One half of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018 was awarded to Frances H. Arnold for "for the directed evolution of enzymes" and the other half jointly given to George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter.
• India-born Gita Gopinath was appointed as the Chief Economist of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on October 3, 2018, becoming the first woman to hold the position.

2nd October, Current Affairs:

• Nation paid tributes to Mahatma Gandhi at Rajghat on his 149th birth anniversary.
• The Assam government celebrated the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi by unfurling India’s tallest National Flag from the average city elevation. The 9,600 sq ft flag stands on a 319.5 ft flag pole at Gandhi Mandap, a memorial for Mahatma Gandhi atop the Sarania Hill.
• Three researchers Arthur Ashkin, Gerard Mourou and Donna Strickland shared the 2018 Nobel Physics Prize for inventions in the field of laser physics which have paved the way for advanced precision instruments used in corrective eye surgery and industry. Arthur Ashkin of the United States won one half of the prize, while Gerard Mourou of France and Donna Strickland of Canada shared the other half.

1st October, Current Affairs:

• The World Habitat Day was observed across the world today.
• The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been jointly awarded to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo, by the Nobel committee of the Karolinska Institute. The two immunologists — from the U.S. and Japan, respectively — were awarded the Prize “for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation.”