Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu are two separate coastal union territories of India, located on the western coast of India. Daman is located on the mainland, while Diu is an island located off the coast. Daman and Diu were previously under Portuguese rule for over 450 years, and as a result, the territory has a unique blend of Indian and Portuguese cultures. The region is known for its beautiful beaches, colonial architecture, and rich history. The territory of Daman and Diu has a total area of 72 square kilometers and a population of around 243,247 (as per the 2011 census). The official language is Gujarati and the territory has a high literacy rate of around 88%. The economy of Daman and Diu is primarily based on tourism, fishing, and the manufacturing of beverages, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. The territory is also known for its traditional handicrafts such as bandhini, block-printing, and tie-dye textiles. Daman and Diu are popular tourist destinations, known for its beaches like Jampore, Devka, and Ghoghla, historical places like Fort of Moti Daman, and St. Jerome Fort, and churches like the Our Lady of the Sea Church, and St. Paul's Church. Overall, Daman and Diu are lesser-known but unique and culturally rich destinations in India, with a unique blend of Indian and Portuguese heritage, and a variety of attractions to offer to visitors.
Below are some important points about Daman and Diu:
• Daman and Diu is a union territory of India located on western coast.
• It was the smallest federal division of India on the mainland. The total area is 112 km2 (43 sq mi).
• Daman and Diu is comprised of two distinct regions—Daman and Diu. Daman and Diu are geographically separated by the Gulf of Khambhat.
• It was a Portuguese colony from 1500s to till 1961 when the territories were annexed by India. Daman and Diu were administered as part of the union territory of Goa till 1987, when they became a separate union territory.
• According to the 2011 census, Daman and Diu had a literacy rate of 87.1%.
• The town of Daman, in the Daman district, is the capital of the territory.