Gujarat is located on the North Western part of India. It is known locally as Jewel of the West. It has a coastline of 1,600 km which is longest in India. The state shares its border by Pakistan and Rajasthan in the north east, Maharashtra and Diu, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli in the south and Madhya Pradesh in the east. Its capital city is Gandhinagar. Ahmedabad, Surat, Baroda, Rajkot are some major cities of Gujarat. Ahmedabad is the largest city of the state. Total area of the state is 196077 sq. km. Total districts in Gujarat are 33. Total population of the state is around 6 cores according to 2011 census. The population density is 308 per square km. Literacy rate in Gujarat is 80.18 %.
Guajarati is the main language of Gujarat. Sabarmati, Tapi, Narmada are the main river in the state. The state is one of the major industrial hubs in India. Electronics, Information Technology, Textiles, Petrochemicals, Agriculture are the major industries in Gujarat. The largest refinery in the world Jamnagar Refinery is located in Gujarat. Gir National Park is the sole home of the Asiatic Lions. Gujarat is the only home of Asiatic lions and outside Africa, Gujarat is the only natural habitat of lions. Sabarmati Ashram, Mandvi Beach, Somnath etc are some of the major tourist attraction in Gujarat. Bhavai and garba are the folk traditions of Gujarat. The Rann of Kutch, a seasonal salt marsh is located on the Kutch District of Gujarat.