Gujarat is a state located in the western part of India. It is known for its rich culture, history, and heritage. The state is home to several important historical sites, including the UNESCO World Heritage site of the Rani ki Vav stepwell and the ancient city of Lothal. Gujarat is also famous for its beautiful beaches, such as the ones in Dwarka, Mandvi and Diu, and hill stations like Saputara.

Gujarat is also known for its vibrant culture, which is reflected in its art, music, dance, and festivals. The state is particularly famous for its traditional textile art, such as bandhani, patola, and kutch work. Gujarat is also home to the famous Navaratri festival, which is celebrated with great enthusiasm and is famous for its traditional Garba and Dandiya dances. The state is also an important center for industries like textiles, chemicals, and petrochemicals, and is a major contributor to the country's economy.

Gujarat is also known for its rich history, it was the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Patel, two of India's most influential leaders in the Indian independence movement. The state is also home to several important temples and shrines such as the Dwarkadhish temple in Dwarka, the Somnath temple, and the ISKCON temple in Ahmedabad.

Below are some important facts to remember about Gujarat:

• Gujarat is located on the North Western part of India. The state is locally known as Jewel of the West.

• It has a coastline of 1,600 km which is longest in India.

• The state shares its border by Pakistan and Rajasthan in the north east, Maharashtra and Diu, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli in the south and Madhya Pradesh in the east.

• Capital city of the state is Gandhinagar. Ahmedabad, Surat, Baroda, Rajkot are some major cities of Gujarat. Ahmedabad is the largest city of the state.

• Total area of the state is 196077 sq. km.

• Total districts in Gujarat are 33.

• Total population of the state is around 6 cores according to 2011 census.

• The population density is 308 per square km.

• Literacy rate in Gujarat is 80.18 %.

• Guajarati is the main language of Gujarat.

• Sabarmati, Tapi, Narmada are the main river in the state.

• The state is one of the major industrial hubs in India. Electronics, Information Technology, Textiles, Petrochemicals, Agriculture are the major industries in Gujarat.

• The largest refinery in the world Jamnagar Refinery is located in Gujarat.

• Gir National Park is the sole home of the Asiatic Lions. Gujarat is the only home of Asiatic lions and outside Africa.

• Sabarmati Ashram, Mandvi Beach, Somnath etc are some of the major tourist attraction in Gujarat.

• Bhavai and garba are the folk traditions of Gujarat.

• The Rann of Kutch, a seasonal salt marsh is located on the Kutch District of Gujarat.

State Symbols of Gujarat
Category English Term
Animal Asiatic Lion
Bird Greater Flamingo
Flower Marigold
Song Jai Jai Garavi Gujarat