Haryana

• Haryana is a state in the northern part of India.

• Haryana was created on 1st November 1966 from the state of Punjab on the basis of language.

• It is bordered with Rajasthan to the west and south and by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north. Haryana forms the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi.

• The state is one of the major industrial hubs of India.

• The state has 21 districts.

• Total area of the state is 44,212 sq. kms. By Area size it holds the 20th position among the 29 states of India.

• Chandigarh is the capital city of Haryana, while Faridabad is the largest city of the state.

• Total population of the state is 2.5 cores.

• The population density in the state is 573 per square km.

• Haryana is also one of the wealthier states of India and had the second highest per capita income in the country.

• The economy of the state is depends on agriculture, manufacturing, BPO and retail.

• Hindi is the official language of Haryana though Haryanavi language has been the dominant mother tongue in Haryana.

• Faridabad, Panchkula, Sonipat, Panipat, Yamuna Nagar, Rewari are some of the major cities of Haryana.

• Literacy rate in the state is 76.64 %.

• Yamuna is the main river that flows along its eastern boundary of Haryana.


State Symbols of Haryana
Category English Term
Animal Black Buck
Bird Black Francolin
Flower Lotus
Tree Pipal