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Haryana

• Haryana is a state in the northern part of India.

• Haryana was created on 1st November 1966 from the state of Punjab on the basis of language.

• It is bordered with Rajasthan to the west and south and by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north. Haryana forms the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi.

• The state is one of the major industrial hubs of India.

• The state has 21 districts.

• Total area of the state is 44,212 sq. kms. By Area size it holds the 20th position among the 29 states of India.

• Chandigarh is the capital city of Haryana, while Faridabad is the largest city of the state.

• Total population of the state is 2.5 cores.

• The population density in the state is 573 per square km.

• Haryana is also one of the wealthier states of India and had the second highest per capita income in the country.

• The economy of the state is depends on agriculture, manufacturing, BPO and retail.

• Hindi is the official language of Haryana though Haryanavi language has been the dominant mother tongue in Haryana.

• Faridabad, Panchkula, Sonipat, Panipat, Yamuna Nagar, Rewari are some of the major cities of Haryana.

• Literacy rate in the state is 76.64 %.

• Yamuna is the main river that flows along its eastern boundary of Haryana.

Districts of Haryana
District Headquarters Area (km2) Population (2011) Population Density (/km2)
Ambala Ambala 1,569 11,36,784 722
Bhiwani Bhiwani 5,140 16,29,109 341
Charkhi Dadri Charkhi Dadri 1370 5,02,276 367
Faridabad Faridabad 783 17,98,954 2,298
Fatehabad Fatehabad 2,538 9,41,522 371
Gurgaon Gurgaon 1,258 15,14,085 1,241
Hissar Hissar 3,788 17,42,815 438
Jhajjar Jhajjar 1,868 9,56,907 522
Jind Jind 2,702 13,32,042 493
Kaithal Kaithal 2,799 10,72,861 467
Karnal Karnal 2,471 15,06,323 598
Kurukshetra Kurukshetra 1,530 9,64,231 630
Mahendragarh Narnaul 1,900 9,21,680 485
Nuh Nuh 1,765 10,89,406 729
Palwal Palwal 1,367 10,40,493 761
Panchkula Panchkula 816 5,58,890 622
Panipat Panipat 1,250 12,02,811 949
Rewari Rewari 1,559 8,96,129 562
Rohtak Rohtak 1,668 10,58,683 607
Sirsa Sirsa 4,276 12,95,114 303
Sonipat Sonipat 2,260 14,80,080 697
Yamuna Nagar Yamuna Nagar 1,756 12,14,162 687