India at a glance

Our country Republic of India is located in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area. It is also the second-most populous country in the world with more than 133 crores of population. It is located in South Asia and was officially declared the Republic of India after its independence from British rule. It is surrounded by oceans from three sides such as the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west, and the Indian Ocean in the South. People of many religions, castes, cultures, and traditions live together with unity.

1. Capital ----------------------------- New Delhi

2. Area ----------------------------- 3.3 Million sq. kmIndia Flag

3. Latitude ----------------------------- 6° 44' and 35° 30' north latitude

4. Longitude ----------------------------- 68° 7' and 97° 25' east longitude

5. Official Language ----------------------------- Hindi

6. Total Recognized Languages ----------------------------- 22

7. Total Coast Line ----------------------------- 7,516.6 km

8. Area covered by Forest ----------------------------- 68 million hectares

9. Population ----------------------------- 1,210,193,422

10. Male ----------------------------- 623.7 million

11. Female ----------------------------- 586.4 million

12. Population Growth Rate ----------------------------- 1.64 per cent during 2001-2011India Map

13. Density of Population ----------------------------- 370.8/km2

14. Sex Ratio ----------------------------- 940

15. Literacy Rate ----------------------------- 74.04%

16. Male ----------------------------- 82.14%

17. Female ----------------------------- 65.46%

18. State ----------------------------- 28

19. Union Territories ----------------------------- 9

20. Largest State ----------------------------- Rajasthan

21. Smallest State ----------------------------- Goa

22. National Park ----------------------------- 103

23. Wildlife Sanctuaries ----------------------------- 441

24. Largest City ----------------------------- Mumbai

25. Calling Code ----------------------------- +91

26. National Motto ----------------------------- Satyameva Jayate

27. National Song ----------------------------- Vande Mataram

28. National Anthem ----------------------------- Jana Gana Mana

29. Highest Point ----------------------------- Mount Godwin-Austen, 28,251 ft

30. Currency ----------------------------- Indian Rupee

31. Time Zone ----------------------------- GMT + 05:30

32. Life Expectancy Rate

                 Male ----------------------------- 65.8 years

                Female ----------------------------- 68.1 years

33. Ethnic Groups ----------------------------- Australoid, Mongoloid, Europoid, Caucasian, and Negroid

34. National Days ----------------------------- 26th January (Republic Day), 15th August (Independence Day), 2nd October (Gandhi Jayanti; Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday)

35. National Bird ----------------------------- Indian peacockIndian Rupee

36. National Flower ----------------------------- Lotus

37. National Tree ----------------------------- Banyan Tree

38. National River ----------------------------- The Ganga

39. National Aquatic Animal ----------------------------- River Dolphin

40. National Heritage Animal ----------------------------- Elephant

41. National Animal ----------------------------- Tiger

42. National Fruit ----------------------------- Mango

43. National Vegetables ----------------------------- Pumpkin