Abbreviations and Acronyms List

AAI                            Airports Authority of India

AICTE                       All India Council for Technical EducationAIIMS

AIDS                         Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrom

AIIMS                        All India Institute of Medical Science

APEC                        Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation

ASCII                        American Standard Code for Informa­tion Interchange

ASEAN                     Association of South East Asian Nations

ATM                         Automated Teller Machine

BIOS                         Basic Input Output System

BEL                          Bharat Electronics Limited

BPO                          Business Process Outsourcing

CDAC                       Centre for the Development of Ad­vanced Computing

CDMA                      Code Division Multiple Access

CPWD                      Central Public Works DepartmentCPWD

CTBT                       Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

DNA                         Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid

DRDO                       Defence Research and Development Organisation

DTP                          Desktop Publishing

E-MAIL                     Electronic Mailing

EPABX                      Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange

FICCI                        Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry

FIR                           First Information Report

GAIL                       Gas Authority of India Limited

GMT                        Greenwich Mean Time

GPRS                       General Packet Radio SystemIBM

GPS                          Global Positioning System

GSLV                        Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle

GSM                         Global System for Mobile Communications

HIV                          Human Immunodeficiency Virus

HTML                       Hypertext Transfer Protocol

IBM                          International Business Machines

IEEE                          Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers

IMAX                         Image Maximum

ILO                            International Labour OrganizationNALCO

IP                               Internet Protocol

ISBN                           International Standard Book Number

ISDN                           Integrated Services Digital Network

ISO                              International Standards Organization

ISRO                           Indian Space Research Organization

JPEG                           Joint Photographic Experts Group

LASER                         Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation

LCD                              Liquid Crystal Display

MICR                           Magnetic Ink Character Recognition

MODEM                      Modulator Demodulator

MPEG                          Motion Picture Experts Group

NALCO                        National Aluminum Company Ltd.

NASA                           National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASDAQ                      National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation

NASSCOM                   National Association of Software and Service Companies

NATO                           North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NHPC                           National Hydroelectric Power Corporation

NTPC                           National Thermal Power Corporation

OPEC                           Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

PAN                              Permanent Account Number

PIN                                Postal Index Number

RADAR                         Radio Detecting and Ranging

RAM                              Random Access Memory

SAIL                               Steel Authority of India Limited

SEBI                                Securities and Exchange Board of India

TIN                                  Tax Information Network

UGC                                 University Grants Commission

UNESCO                          United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNICEF                          United Nations Children's Fund

URL                                Uniform Resource Locator

VSAT                              Very Small Aperture TerminalsNASSCOM

WHO                              World Health Organization

WLL                               Wireless in Local Loop

WWF                              World Wildlife Fund

WWW                             World Wide Web

WYSIWYG                     What you see is what you get

XML                               Extensible Mark-up Language

ZIP                                 Zone Improvement Plan