Bhagat Singh Biography
Bhagat Singh is considered as one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement. Bhagat Singh was born on 27 September 1907 at Banga villagein Lyallpur district of the Punjab Province of British India. He was the second son of Kishan Singh and Vidya Vati.
Bhagat Singh joined Dayanand Anglo-Vedic School in Lahore. In response to the call of Mahatma Gandhi to boycott government aided institutions, he left his school and enrolled in the National College at Lahore in 1923. In 1926 he founded the Nav Jawan Bharat Sabha at Lahore to inculcate a spirit of revolution among the youth. He joined the Hindustan Republican Association, a radical group, which was later renamed as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
On 30 October 1928, as the Simon Commission arrived at Lahore, an all-parties procession, headed by Lala Lajpat Rai, marched towards the railway station to make a protest. Intercepting the procession, police made a lathis charge and Lala Lajpat Rai received injuries. He died a fortnight later. As a revenge of that incident Bhagat Singh along with other revolutionaries plotted the assassination of Mr Scott, the Superintendent of Police. But during the process they killed J.P. Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police due to mistake in identification.
Bhagat Singh was successful in avoiding arrest and escaped to Calcutta. He remained quiet for several months, but became active again when Public Safety Bill and the Trade Disputes Bill were being debated in Delhi. He made a plan to bomb the Central Legislative Assembly. He partnered with Batukeshwar Dutt for this task. On 08 April 1929 Bhagat Singh and B.K. Dutt threw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi to demonstrate against the autocratic alien rule. They were shouting slogans of revolution and threw pamphlets in the Assembly hall.
After the bombarding, they surrendered and were arrested. Bhagat Singh underwent a 116 day fast in jail in demand of equal political rights for both British and Indian political prisoners. While in prison, he wrote a pamphlet entitled Why I am an Atheist. At the time of trial, Bhagat Singh offered no defence. On March 23, 1931, Bhagat Singh along with Rajguru and Sukhdev was hanged in Lahore Jail. His body was secretly cremated at Husainivala and the remains thrown into the River Sutlej.