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Bihar

• Bihar is located in the eastern part of the country.

• Bihar is the place from where the first and the greatest empire of India Maurya Empire arose in 322 BCE. It is also the place from where Gautam Buddha distribute knowledge and founded Buddhism. Bodh Gaya is the place where Gautama Buddha is said to have obtained Enlightenment.

• The state is bounded by Nepal to the north and by West Bengal to the northeast and Uttar Pradesh to the west.

• The Bihar plain is divided into two unequal halves by the river Ganga which flows through the middle from west to east.

• Patna is the capital city of the Bihar. Gaya is the second largest city of Bihar after Patna.

• The Total Area of the state is 94,163 sq. kms.

• Bihar legislature assembly has 243 seats. There are total 40seats for MP election in Bihar.

• Total number of districts is 38.

• Population of the state according to 2011 census is 10.3 cores. It is the third largest state by population in India.

• Literacy rate is 63.82%.

• Density of Population is 1,102 per sq kms.

• Chatth Puja is one of the major festivals observed in Bihar. The puja is celebrated twice a year.

• Limestone, Pyrites, Quartzite, Crude Mica are the main natural resource of Bihar.

• Economy mainly depends on agriculture.

• Mahabodhi Temple, Nalanda University, Shanti Stupa, Gaya, Patna are the tourist attraction in Bihar.


Districts of Bihar
District Headquarter Population (2011) Area (in sq.km) Density (per sq.km)
Araria Araria 28,11,569 2,829 751
Arwal Arwal 6,99,000 637 918
Aurangabad Aurangabad 25,40,073 3,303 607
Banka Banka 20,34,763 3,018 533
Begusarai Begusarai 29,70,541 1,917 1,222
Bhagalpur Bhagalpur 30,37,766 2,569 946
Bhojpur Arrah 27,28,407 2,473 903
Buxar Buxar 17,06,352 1,624 864
Darbhanga Darbhanga 39,37,385 2,278 1,442
East Champaran Motihari 50,99,371 3,969 991
Gaya Gaya 43,91,418 4,978 696
Gopalganj Gopalganj 25,62,012 2,033 1,057
Jamui Jamui 17,60,405 3,099 451
Jehanabad Jehanabad 11,25,313 1,569 963
Khagaria Khagaria 16,66,886 1,486 859
Kishanganj Kishanganj 16,90,400 1,884 687
Kaimur Bhabua 16,26,384 3,363 382
Katihar Katihar 30,71,029 3,056 782
Lakhisarai Lakhisarai 10,00,912 1,229 652
Madhubani Madhubani 44,87,379 3,501 1,020
Munger Munger 13,67,765 1,419 800
Madhepura Madhepura 20,01,762 1,787 853
Muzaffarpur Muzaffarpur 48,01,062 3,173 1,180
Nalanda Bihar Sharif 28,77,653 2,354 1,006
Nawada Nawada 22,19,146 2,492 726
Patna Patna 58,38,465 3,202 1,471
Purnia Purnia 32,64,619 3,228 787
Rohtas Sasaram 29,59,918 3,850 636
Saharsa Saharsa 19,00,661 1,702 885
Samastipur Samastipur 42,61,566 2,905 1,175
Sheohar Sheohar 6,56,916 443 1,161
Sheikhpura Sheikhpura 6,34,927 689 762
Saran Chhapra 39,51,862 2,641 1,231
Sitamarhi Dumra, Sitamarhi 34,23,574 2,199 1,214
Supaul Supaul 22,29,076 2,410 724
Siwan Siwan 33,30,464 2,219 1,221
Vaishali Hajipur 34,95,021 2,036 1,332
West Champaran Bettiah 39,35,042 5,229 582







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