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Computer Term Abbreviations


HomeComputer Exam⇒ Computer Abbreviation Terms

Abbreviations

Full Terms

AAA

Authentication Authorization Accounting

ABR

Area Border Router

ACK

ACKnowledgement

AD

Active Directory

AIX

Advanced Interactive eXecutive

AJAX

Asynchronous JavaScript and XML

ALGOL

Algorithmic Language

ALU

Arithmetic and Logical Unit

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

APCI

Application-Layer Protocol Control Information

API

Application Programming Interface

APIC

Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller

ARP

Address Resolution Protocol

ARPANET

Advanced Research Projects Agency Network

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ASIC

Application-Specific Integrated Circuit

ASR

Asynchronous Signal Routine

ATM

Asynchronous Transfer Mode

AVI

Audio Video Interleaved

B2B

Business-to-Business

B2C

Business-to-Consumer

BAL

Basic Assembly Language

BASIC

Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

BGP

Border Gateway Protocol

BIND

Berkeley Internet Name Domain

BIOS

Basic Input Output System

BMP

Basic Multilingual Plane

BOOTP

Bootstrap Protocol

CA

Certificate Authority

CAD

Computer-Aided Design

CD

Compact Disc

CDMA

Code Division Multiple Access

CD-ROM

CD Read-Only Memory

CHAP

Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol

CLI

Command Line Interface

CMOS

Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor

COBOL

Common Business-Oriented Language

CPU

Central Processing Unit

DAT

Digital Audio Tape

DB

Database

DBA

Database Administrator

DBMS

Database Management System

DDL

Data Definition Language

DFD

Data Flow Diagram

DIVX

Digital Video Express

DLL

Dynamic Link Library

DMA

Direct Memory Access

DMI

Direct Media Interface

DNS

Domain Name System

DOS

Disk Operating System

DPI

Dots Per Inch

DSL

Digital Subscriber Line

DVD

Digital Video Disc

EEPROM

Electronically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

EGA

Enhanced Graphics Array

EIGRP

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

EMACS

Editor MACroS

EPROM

Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

ERP

Enterprise Resource Planning

FAT

File Allocation Table

FDDI

Fiber Distributed Data Interface

FDMA

Frequency-Division Multiple Access

FIFO

First In First Out

FS

File System

FSCK

File System Check

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

FQDN

Fully Qualified Domain Name

GIF

Graphics Interchange Format

GIS

Geographic Information System

GNOME

GNU Network Object Model Environment

GSM

Global System for Mobile Communications

GUI

Graphical User Interface

HAL

Hardware Abstraction Layer

HDD

Hard Disk Drive

HCL

Hardware Compatibility List

HDMI

High-Definition Multimedia Interface

HTM

Hierarchical Temporal Memory

HTML

Hypertext Markup Language

HTTP

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

IC

Integrated Circuit

ICMP

Internet Control Message Protocol

ICP

Internet Cache Protocol

IE

Internet Explorer

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IGMP

Internet Group Management Protocol

IIS

Internet Information Services

IM

Instant Messaging

IP

Internet Protocol

IPsec

Internet Protocol security

IRQ

Interrupt Request

IS

Information Systems

iSCSI

Internet Small Computer System Interface

ISDN

Integrated Services Digital Network

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISP

Internet Service Provider

IT

Information Technology

ITIL

Information Technology Infrastructure Library

IVRS

Interactive Voice Response System

J2EE

Java 2 Enterprise Edition

JMX

Java Management Extensions

JPEG

Joint Photographic Experts Group

KVM

Keyboard, Video, Mouse

L2TP

Layer two Tunneling Protocol

LAN

Local Area Network

LCD

Liquid Crystal Display

LDAP

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

LED

Light-Emitting Diode

LIFO

Last In First Out

MAC

Media Access Control

MAN

Metropolitan Area Network

MAPI

Messaging Application Programming Interface

MBR

Master Boot Record

MICR

Magnetic Ink Character Recognition

MIS

Management Information Systems

MIME

Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

MMU

Memory Management Unit

MPEG

Motion Pictures Experts Group

MPLS

Multiprotocol Label Switching

MTU

Maximum Transmission Unit

NAS

Network-Attached Storage

NAT

Network Address Translation

NetBIOS

Network Basic Input/Output System

NFS

Network File System

NIC

Network Interface Controller

NLP

Natural Language Processing

NNTP

Network News Transfer Protocol

NTP

Network Time Protocol

ODBC

Open DataBase Connectivity

OMR

Optical Mark Recognition

OS

Operating System

OSI

Open Systems Interconnection

OSPF

Open Shortest Path First

PC

Personal Computer

PCI

Peripheral Component Interconnect

PDF

Portable Document Format

PKI

Public Key Infrastructure

PoE

Power over Ethernet

POST

Power-On Self Test

PXE

Preboot Execution Environment

RADIUS

Remote Authentication Dial In User Service

RAID

Redundant Array of Independent Disks

RAM

Random Access Memory

RDBMS

Relational Database Management System

RDC

Remote Desktop Connection

RF

Radio Frequency

RHEL

Red Hat Enterprise Linux

RIP

Routing Information Protocol

ROM

Read Only Memory

SAN

Storage Area Network

SCSI

Small Computer System Interface

SDK

Software Development Kit

SEO

Search Engine Optimization

SIP

Session Initiation Protocol

SMTP

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SNMP

Simple Network Management Protocol

SNTP

Simple Network Time Protocol

SOHO

Small Office/Home Office

SQL

Structured Query Language

SSH

Secure Shell

SWF

Shock Wave Flash

TCP

Transmission Control Protocol

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

TFT

Thin Film Transistor

TFTP

Trivial File Transfer Protocol

TTL

Time To Live

UDDI

Universal Description, Discovery and Integration

UDP

User Datagram Protocol

UNC

Universal Naming Convention

UPS

Uninterruptible Power Supply

URL

Uniform Resource Locator

USB

Universal Serial Bus

UUID

Universally Unique Identifier

VGA

Video Graphics Adapter

VLAN

Virtual Local Area Network

VNC

Virtual Network Computing

VoIP

Voice over Internet Protocol

VPN

Virtual Private Network

VSAT

Very Small Aperture Terminal

WAN

Wide Area Network

WiMAX

Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access

WINS

Windows Internet Name Service

WLAN

Wireless Local Area Network

WMV

Windows Media Video

WWW

World Wide Web

WYSIWYG

What You See Is What You Get

XHTML

eXtensible Hypertext Markup Language

XML

eXtensible Markup Language






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