Timeline of Indian History ......
★ 2800 BC Indus Valley Civilization begins in the northwestern region of India
★ 2600 BC Mohenjo-daro and Harappa phase of the Indus Valley Civilization begins, in Punjab and Sindh. Other cities like Lothal, Mehrgarh also emerged during this period.
★ 1600 BC India is invaded by the Aryans from the west
★ 1400 BC The Vedas, the Hindu scripture, was written
★ 600 BC The Upanishads written
★ 599 BC Mahavira, 24th Tirthankar of Jainism is born
★ 563 BC Gautam Buddha, founder of Buddhism is born in Lumbini
★ 527 BC Nirvana of Mahavira
★ 492 BC Bimbisara dies and is succeeded by Ajatashatru in Magadha Empire
★ 483 BC Death of Gautama Buddha in Kushinagar
★ 326 BC Alexander the Great moved into India, King Porus who ruled parts of the Punjab, fought Alexander at the Battle of the Hydaspes River.
★ 321 BC Chandragupta Maurya established Mauryan dynasty defeating Dhana Nanda
★ 305 BC Chandragupta Maurya defeats Seleucus Nicator of the Seleucid Empire.
★ 300 BC Chola dynasty establishes his kingdom over southern India with capital in Thanjavur
★ 269 BC Ashoka the Great, grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, becomes the emperor of India
★ 261 BC Kalinga War takes place between Magadha Empire and the kingdom of Kalinga.
★ 232 BC Death of King Ashoka
★ 185 BC The Mauryan Empire, collapsed after its emperor Brihadrata was assassinated by his general Pusyamitra Sunga who then established the Sunga dynasty
★ 50 AD
Establishment of the Kushan empire by Kujula Kadphises,
first Buddhist stupa is
constructed at Sanchi
★ 300 The Pallava dynasty is established in Kanchi
The Gupta dynasty founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, reunited
northern India initiating
the "golden Age" of India
★ 335 King Samudragupta ascends the Gupta throne and expands the empire.
★ 380 Chandragupta II, Samudragupta's son becomes the Gupta Emperor.
★ 450 Invasions by the Huna.
★ 606 Harshavardhana crowned Monarch.
★ 712 First Muslim, Md. Bin Qasim defeats Raja Dahir
★ 1021 Mahmud Ghazni defeats Tarnochalpal and annexes Punjab
★ 1206 Qutb ub-din Aybak establishes the Delhi Sultanate
★ 1221 Genghis Khan invades Punjab
★ 1236 Razia Sultana, only lady ruler of Delhi
★ 1290 Jalal ud-Din Firuz establishes the Khilji sultanate at Delhi
★ 1298 Marco Polo visits India
★ 1336 Vijayanagara Empire established by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I
★ 1398 Timur conquered India resulting in the decline of the Delhi Sultanate
★ 1469 Birth of Guru Nanak Dev
★ 1497 Vasco de Gama's first voyage from Europe to India and back (to 1499)
★ 1526 Babur established the Mughal Empire
★ 1555 Mughal king Humayun comes to fight Sher Shah and regains India
★ 1556 Humayun dies, and is succeeded by Akbar
★ 1600 Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter to the East India Company established trading posts in Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras
★ 1605 Akbar dies, and is succeeded by his son Jehangir.
★ 1612 British arrives India
★ 1632 Taj Mahal construction initiated by Mughal ruler Shah Jahan
★ 1653 Shah Jahan completes Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan dies, and is succeeded by his son Aurangzeb.
★ 1675 Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs is executed in Delhi. Guru Gobind Singh becomes tenth Guru of Sikhs.
★ 1680 Shivaji dies at Raigad, Sambhaji became 2nd Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire
★ 1707 Death of Aurangzeb the Mughal emperor.
★ 1757 In Battle of Plassey, Robert Clive, leads British forces which defeated the Mughal governor of Bengal Mir Jafar
★ 1774 Warren Hastings appointed the first governor general of India by the East India Company
★ 1775 First Anglo-Maratha War
★ 1799 Death of Tipu Sultan
★ 1853 Started Post Service
★ 1853 First Railway established between Bombay and Thane
★ 1857 Indian Mutiny Rebellion of 1857(10th May)
★ 1857 Establishment of University of Mumbai, University of Madras and University of Calcutta in India
★ 1858 The British government ruled India, Lord Dalhousie becomes the Governor-General of India
★ 1862 Death of Bahadur Shah Zafar
★ 1869 "Arya Samaj" Established
★ 1876 Queen Victoria was given the title Empress of India by the British Parliament
★ 1885 Burma became an Indian province
★ 1885 The Indian National Congress was formed (28th December)
★ 1905 The British government divided Bengal into separate Hindu and Muslim sections
★ 1909 Morley-Minto Reforms
★ 1914 World War 1
★ 1915 Mahatma Gandhi returns back to India
★ 1919 Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (13th April)
★ 1920 Mahatma Gandhi became president of Indian National Congress, Non-cooperation movement Khilafat Movement
★ 1927 Simon Commission
★ 1929 Central Assembly Bombed by Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt.
★ 1930 Purna Swaraj resolution in Lahore, Salt Satyagraha started
★ 1931 Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev Martyred (23rd March)
★ 1935 Government of India Act
★ 1939 World War 2 began
★ 1940 Muhammad Ali Jinnah demanded that a new country be formed from India for the Muslims, which would be called Pakistan
★ 1942 Quit India Movement
★ 1942 Indian National Army Established by Subhas Chandra Bose
★ 1945 World War II ended when United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki (August)
★ 1946 Royal Indian Navy Mutiny
★ 1946 The British government agreed to grant India independence
★ 1947 British and Indian leaders agreed to divide the country into India and Pakistan
★ 1947 India became independent (15th August)
★ 1948 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse (30th January)
Constitution of India came into effect and Jawaharlal Nehru
became the Indian first prime minister (26th January)