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Timeline of Indian History ......

Indian history begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization and continues with many famous incidents and events. Here we are preparing a list of Indian history timeline with ancient India facts for exam preparation. Starting from ancient India to the Indian independence history it is long list to know…

• 2800 BC --------- Indus Valley Civilization begins in the northwestern region of India

• 2600 BC --------- Mohenjo-daro and Harappa phase of the Indus Valley Civilization begins, in Punjab and Sindh. Other cities like Lothal, Mehrgarh also emerged during this period.

• 1600 BC --------- India is invaded by the Aryans from the west

• 1400 BC --------- The Vedas, the Hindu scripture, was written

• 600 BC --------- The Upanishads written

• 599 BC --------- Mahavira, 24th Tirthankar of Jainism is born

• 563 BC --------- Gautam Buddha, founder of Buddhism is born in Lumbini

• 527 BC --------- Nirvana of Mahavira gautam-buddha

• 492 BC --------- Bimbisara dies and is succeeded by Ajatashatru in Magadha Empire

• 483 BC --------- Death of Gautama Buddha in Kushinagar

• 326 BC --------- Alexander the Great moved into India, King Porus who ruled parts of the Punjab, fought Alexander at the Battle of the Hydaspes River.

• 321 BC --------- Chandragupta Maurya established Mauryan dynasty defeating Dhana Nanda

• 305 BC --------- Chandragupta Maurya defeats Seleucus Nicator of the Seleucid Empire.

• 300 BC --------- Chola dynasty establishes his kingdom over southern India with capital in Thanjavur

• 269 BC --------- Ashoka the Great, grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, becomes the emperor of India

• 261 BC --------- Kalinga War takes place between Magadha Empire and the kingdom of Kalinga.

• 232 BC --------- Death of King Ashoka



• 185 BC --------- The Mauryan Empire, collapsed after its emperor Brihadrata was assassinated by his general Pusyamitra Sunga who then established the Sunga dynasty

• 50 AD --------- Establishment of the Kushan empire by Kujula Kadphises, first Buddhist stupa is constructed at Sanchi

• 300 --------- The Pallava dynasty is established in Kanchi

• 320 --------- The Gupta dynasty founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, reunited northern India initiating the "golden Age" of India

• 335 --------- King Samudragupta ascends the Gupta throne and expands the empire.

• 380 --------- Chandragupta II, Samudragupta's son becomes the Gupta Emperor.

• 450 --------- Invasions by the Huna.

• 606 --------- Harshavardhana crowned Monarch.

• 712 --------- First Muslim, Md. Bin Qasim defeats Raja Dahir guru-nanak

• 1021 --------- Mahmud Ghazni defeats Tarnochalpal and annexes Punjab

• 1206 --------- Qutb ub-din Aybak establishes the Delhi Sultanate

• 1221 --------- Genghis Khan invades Punjab

• 1236 --------- Razia Sultana, only lady ruler of Delhi

• 1290 --------- Jalal ud-Din Firuz establishes the Khilji sultanate at Delhi

• 1298 --------- Marco Polo visits India

• 1336 --------- Vijayanagara Empire established by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I

• 1398 --------- Timur conquered India resulting in the decline of the Delhi Sultanate

• 1469 --------- Birth of Guru Nanak Dev

• 1497 --------- Vasco de Gama's first voyage from Europe to India and back (to 1499)

• 1526 --------- Babur established the Mughal Empire

• 1555 --------- Mughal king Humayun comes to fight Sher Shah and regains India

• 1556 --------- Humayun dies, and is succeeded by Akbar

• 1600 --------- Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter to the East India Company established trading posts in Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras

• 1605 --------- Akbar dies, and is succeeded by his son Jehangir.

• 1612 --------- British arrives India

• 1632 --------- Taj Mahal construction initiated by Mughal ruler Shah Jahan

• 1653 --------- Shah Jahan completes Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan dies, and is succeeded by his son Aurangzeb.

• 1675 --------- Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs is executed in Delhi. Guru Gobind Singh becomes tenth Guru of Sikhs.

• 1680 --------- Shivaji dies at Raigad, Sambhaji became 2nd Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire

• 1707 --------- Death of Aurangzeb the Mughal emperor.

• 1757 --------- In Battle of Plassey, Robert Clive, leads British forces which defeated the Mughal governor of Bengal Mir Jafar

• 1774 --------- Warren Hastings appointed the first governor general of India by the East India Company

• 1775 --------- First Anglo-Maratha War

• 1799 --------- Death of Tipu Sultanmahatma-gandhi

• 1853 --------- Started Post Service

• 1853 --------- First Railway established between Bombay and Thane

• 1857 --------- Indian Mutiny Rebellion of 1857(10th May)

• 1857 --------- Establishment of University of Mumbai, University of Madras and University of Calcutta in India

• 1858 --------- The British government ruled India, Lord Dalhousie becomes the Governor-General of  India

• 1862 --------- Death of Bahadur Shah Zafar

• 1869 --------- "Arya Samaj" Established

• 1876 --------- Queen Victoria was given the title Empress of India by the British Parliament

• 1885 --------- Burma became an Indian province

• 1885 --------- The Indian National Congress was formed (28th December)

• 1905 --------- The British government divided Bengal into separate Hindu and Muslim sections

• 1909 --------- Morley-Minto Reforms



• 1914 --------- World War 1

• 1915 --------- Mahatma Gandhi returns back to India

• 1919 --------- Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (13th April)

• 1920 --------- Mahatma Gandhi became president of Indian National Congress, Non-cooperation movement Khilafat Movement

• 1927 --------- Simon Commission

• 1929 --------- Central Assembly Bombed by Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt.

• 1930 --------- Purna Swaraj resolution in Lahore, Salt Satyagraha started

• 1931 --------- Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev Martyred (23rd March)

• 1935 --------- Government of India Act

• 1939 --------- World War 2 began

• 1940 --------- Muhammad Ali Jinnah demanded that a new country be formed from India for the Muslims, which would be called Pakistan

• 1942 --------- Quit India Movement

• 1942 --------- Indian National Army Established by Subhas Chandra Bose

• 1945 --------- World War II ended when United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki (August)

• 1946 --------- Royal Indian Navy Mutiny

• 1946 --------- The British government agreed to grant India independence

• 1947 --------- British and Indian leaders agreed to divide the country into India and Pakistan

• 1947 --------- India became independent (15th August)

• 1948 --------- Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse (30th January)

• 1950 --------- Constitution of India came into effect and Jawaharlal Nehru became the Indian first prime minister (26th January)







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