header

Timeline of Indian History ......

Indian history begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization and continues with many famous incidents and events. Here we are preparing a list of Indian history timeline with ancient India facts for exam preparation. Starting from ancient India to the Indian independence history it is long list to know…

• 2800 BC --------- Indus Valley Civilization begins in the northwestern region of India

• 2600 BC --------- Mohenjo-daro and Harappa phase of the Indus Valley Civilization begins, in Punjab and Sindh. Other cities like Lothal, Mehrgarh also emerged during this period.

• 1600 BC --------- India is invaded by the Aryans from the west

• 1400 BC --------- The Vedas, the Hindu scripture, was written

• 600 BC --------- The Upanishads written

• 599 BC --------- Mahavira, 24th Tirthankar of Jainism is born

• 563 BC --------- Gautam Buddha, founder of Buddhism is born in Lumbini

• 527 BC --------- Nirvana of Mahavira gautam-buddha

• 492 BC --------- Bimbisara dies and is succeeded by Ajatashatru in Magadha Empire

• 483 BC --------- Death of Gautama Buddha in Kushinagar

• 326 BC --------- Alexander the Great moved into India, King Porus who ruled parts of the Punjab, fought Alexander at the Battle of the Hydaspes River.

• 321 BC --------- Chandragupta Maurya established Mauryan dynasty defeating Dhana Nanda

• 305 BC --------- Chandragupta Maurya defeats Seleucus Nicator of the Seleucid Empire.

• 300 BC --------- Chola dynasty establishes his kingdom over southern India with capital in Thanjavur

• 269 BC --------- Ashoka the Great, grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, becomes the emperor of India

• 261 BC --------- Kalinga War takes place between Magadha Empire and the kingdom of Kalinga.

• 232 BC --------- Death of King Ashoka



• 185 BC --------- The Mauryan Empire, collapsed after its emperor Brihadrata was assassinated by his general Pusyamitra Sunga who then established the Sunga dynasty

• 50 AD --------- Establishment of the Kushan empire by Kujula Kadphises, first Buddhist stupa is constructed at Sanchi

• 300 --------- The Pallava dynasty is established in Kanchi

• 320 --------- The Gupta dynasty founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, reunited northern India initiating the "golden Age" of India

• 335 --------- King Samudragupta ascends the Gupta throne and expands the empire.

• 380 --------- Chandragupta II, Samudragupta's son becomes the Gupta Emperor.

• 450 --------- Invasions by the Huna.

• 606 --------- Harshavardhana crowned Monarch.

• 712 --------- First Muslim, Md. Bin Qasim defeats Raja Dahir guru-nanak

• 1021 --------- Mahmud Ghazni defeats Tarnochalpal and annexes Punjab

• 1206 --------- Qutb ub-din Aybak establishes the Delhi Sultanate

• 1221 --------- Genghis Khan invades Punjab

• 1236 --------- Razia Sultana, only lady ruler of Delhi

• 1290 --------- Jalal ud-Din Firuz establishes the Khilji sultanate at Delhi

• 1298 --------- Marco Polo visits India

• 1336 --------- Vijayanagara Empire established by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I

• 1398 --------- Timur conquered India resulting in the decline of the Delhi Sultanate

• 1469 --------- Birth of Guru Nanak Dev

• 1497 --------- Vasco de Gama's first voyage from Europe to India and back (to 1499)

• 1526 --------- Babur established the Mughal Empire

• 1555 --------- Mughal king Humayun comes to fight Sher Shah and regains India

• 1556 --------- Humayun dies, and is succeeded by Akbar

• 1600 --------- Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter to the East India Company established trading posts in Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras

• 1605 --------- Akbar dies, and is succeeded by his son Jehangir.

• 1612 --------- British arrives India

• 1632 --------- Taj Mahal construction initiated by Mughal ruler Shah Jahan

• 1653 --------- Shah Jahan completes Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan dies, and is succeeded by his son Aurangzeb.

• 1675 --------- Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs is executed in Delhi. Guru Gobind Singh becomes tenth Guru of Sikhs.

• 1680 --------- Shivaji dies at Raigad, Sambhaji became 2nd Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire

• 1707 --------- Death of Aurangzeb the Mughal emperor.

• 1757 --------- In Battle of Plassey, Robert Clive, leads British forces which defeated the Mughal governor of Bengal Mir Jafar

• 1774 --------- Warren Hastings appointed the first governor general of India by the East India Company

• 1775 --------- First Anglo-Maratha War

• 1799 --------- Death of Tipu Sultanmahatma-gandhi

• 1853 --------- Started Post Service

• 1853 --------- First Railway established between Bombay and Thane

• 1857 --------- Indian Mutiny Rebellion of 1857(10th May)

• 1857 --------- Establishment of University of Mumbai, University of Madras and University of Calcutta in India

• 1858 --------- The British government ruled India, Lord Dalhousie becomes the Governor-General of  India

• 1862 --------- Death of Bahadur Shah Zafar

• 1869 --------- "Arya Samaj" Established

• 1876 --------- Queen Victoria was given the title Empress of India by the British Parliament

• 1885 --------- Burma became an Indian province

• 1885 --------- The Indian National Congress was formed (28th December)

• 1905 --------- The British government divided Bengal into separate Hindu and Muslim sections

• 1909 --------- Morley-Minto Reforms



• 1914 --------- World War 1

• 1915 --------- Mahatma Gandhi returns back to India

• 1919 --------- Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (13th April)

• 1920 --------- Mahatma Gandhi became president of Indian National Congress, Non-cooperation movement Khilafat Movement

• 1927 --------- Simon Commission

• 1929 --------- Central Assembly Bombed by Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt.

• 1930 --------- Purna Swaraj resolution in Lahore, Salt Satyagraha started

• 1931 --------- Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev Martyred (23rd March)

• 1935 --------- Government of India Act

• 1939 --------- World War 2 began

• 1940 --------- Muhammad Ali Jinnah demanded that a new country be formed from India for the Muslims, which would be called Pakistan

• 1942 --------- Quit India Movement

• 1942 --------- Indian National Army Established by Subhas Chandra Bose

• 1945 --------- World War II ended when United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki (August)

• 1946 --------- Royal Indian Navy Mutiny

• 1946 --------- The British government agreed to grant India independence

• 1947 --------- British and Indian leaders agreed to divide the country into India and Pakistan

• 1947 --------- India became independent (15th August)

• 1948 --------- Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse (30th January)

• 1950 --------- Constitution of India came into effect and Jawaharlal Nehru became the Indian first prime minister (26th January)







Enter Email Address for Newsletter



    Share on facebook    Share on twitter    Share on google +