International Olympic Committee
The International Olympic Committee is a non-profit and
non-governmental organization. Pierre de Coubertin who is
known as the father of Modern Olympics created the IOC on
23rd June 1894. The Greek business man Demetrios Vikelas
chosen as the first President of International Olympic
Committee. The motto of the International Olympic Committee
is Faster, Higher and Stronger. The primary symbol of the
Olympic Games is composed of five interlocking rings. The
colors of the rings are blue, yellow, black, green, and red
which represent five continents of the world. The symbol was
designed in 1912 by Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
The headquarters of the IOC is located in Lausanne, Switzerland. IOC conducts summer and winter Olympics after every four years. The first summer Olympics was held in Athens, Greece, in 1896, while the winter Olympics was first held in Chamonix, France, in 1924. Today its membership consists of 105 active members, 32 honorary members, and 1 honour member. The medals given to winners were started from 1904 summer Olympics. Each medal (Gold, Silver and Bronze) is 85 mm in diameter and between 8-10 mm thick. The gold and silver medals weigh 412 grams and the bronze medal weighs 357 grams. The United States has hosted maximum number of Summer Olympics with four (1904, 1932, 1984, and 1996). Summer Olympics was cancelled three times in the history in 1916, 1940 and 1944 due to World War.