Odisha, also known as Orissa, is a state located in the eastern region of India. It is known for its rich culture, history, and heritage. The state's capital is Bhubaneswar. The state is also known for its rich architectural heritage, such as the Sun Temple in Konark, the Lingaraj Temple in Bhubaneswar and the Dhauli Peace Pagoda.
Odisha is also an important center for agriculture, with crops such as rice, maize, and vegetables being grown extensively in the region. The state is also home to a number of industries such as textiles, handicrafts and mineral-based industries. The state is also home to several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries such as the Similipal National Park, Bhitarkanika National Park and the Chilika Lake.
Below are some important facts to remember about Odisha:
• Odisha is situated on the coast along the Bay of Bengal in the eastern part of India. Odisha is the modern name of the ancient kingdom of Kalinga.
• The state of Orissa was established on 1 April 1936, as a province in British India.
• Odisha shares its boundary with West Bengal to the north-east and in the east, Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west, Jharkhand to the north, and Andhra Pradesh to the south.
• Bhubaneswar is the capital and largest city of Odisha.
• Total area of the state is 155,707 sq km.
• Total district in the state is 30.
• Oriya is the official language in Odisha.
• Total population in the state is around 3.6 cores according to the 2011 census.
• Density in the state is 270 per sq km.
• Literacy rate in the state is 73.45 %. Mahanadi, Kathajodi, Brahmani, Baitarani, etc are the main rivers in Odisha. Mahanadi is the longest river in the state.
• Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Puri, Rourkela are the main cities in Odisha.
• The state is mainly famous for its temple and beaches among the tourist. Lingaraj Temple, Sun Temple at Konark, Chilka Lake, Nandan Kanan National Park, Jagannath Temple, etc are the main tourist attraction in Odisha.
• Economy of the state mainly depends on agriculture and natural resources.