Punjab is a state located in the northern region of India. The state is bordered by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir, and the country of Pakistan. The state's capital is Chandigarh.

The state is also known for its rich architectural heritage, such as the Golden Temple in Amritsar and the Jallianwala Bagh Memorial. Punjab is also an important center for agriculture, with crops such as wheat, rice, and sugarcane being grown extensively in the region. The state is also home to a number of industries such as textiles, agriculture, and food processing.

Below are some important facts to remember about Punjab:

• Punjab is situated in the northwestern part of the country. Punjab is also known as land of five rivers.

• It shares its boundary by Himachal Pradesh and Chandigarh on east, Jammu and Kashmir on north, Haryana and Rajasthan on South, and Pakistan by west.

• Total area of Punjab is 50,362 sq. km.

• The state capital is located in Chandigarh, a Union Territory and also the capital of the neighboring state of Haryana.

• Punjab has 22 districts.

• Total population in the state is 2,77,04,236 according to 2011 census.

• Density in the state is 550 square km.

• Literacy rate in the state is 76.68 %.

• Lohri, Baisakhi, Gurpurab are the main festival of Punjab. Bhangra is the main dance of Punjab.

• Punjabi is the official language of Punjab.

• Beas, Sutlej, Ravi are the main river of Punjab.

• Economy of the state is mainly depends on agriculture.

• There are total 13 parliamentary constituencies in Punjab.

• 60 % of the population is Sikhs by religion.

• Mohali, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Patiala and Jalandhar are the main cities of Punjab.

• Harmandir Sahib in Amritsar is one of the major tourist destinations in Punjab.

State Symbols of Punjab
Category English Term
Animal Blackbuck
Bird Baaz
Flower Gladiolus
Tree Sheesham
Aquatic animal Indus River dolphin