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Punjab

• Punjab is situated in the northwestern part of the country. Punjab is also known as land of five rivers.

• It shares its boundary by Himachal Pradesh and Chandigarh on east, Jammu and Kashmir on north, Haryana and Rajasthan on South, and Pakistan by west.

• Total area of Punjab is 50,362 sq. km.

• The state capital is located in Chandigarh, a Union Territory and also the capital of the neighboring state of Haryana.

• Punjab has 22 districts.

• Total population in the state is 2,77,04,236 according to 2011 census.

• Density in the state is 550 square km.

• Literacy rate in the state is 76.68 %.

• Lohri, Baisakhi, Gurpurab are the main festival of Punjab. Bhangra is the main dance of Punjab.

• Punjabi is the official language of Punjab.

• Beas, Sutlej, Ravi are the main river of Punjab.

• Economy of the state is mainly depends on agriculture.

• There are total 13 parliamentary constituencies in Punjab.

• 60 % of the population is Sikhs by religion.

• Mohali, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Patiala and Jalandhar are the main cities of Punjab.

• Harmandir Sahib in Amritsar is one of the major tourist destinations in Punjab.


Districts of Punjab
District Headquarters Area (km2) Population (2011) Population Density (/km2)
Amritsar Amritsar 2,673 24,90,891 932
Barnala Barnala 1,423 5,96,294 419
Bathinda Bathinda 3,355 13,88,859 414
Firozpur Firozpur 5,334 20,26,831 380
Faridkot Faridkot 1,472 6,18,008 424
Fatehgarh Sahib Fatehgarh Sahib 1,180 5,99,814 508
Fazilka Fazilka 3113 11,80,483 379
Gurdaspur Gurdaspur 3,542 22,99,026 649
Hoshiarpur Hoshiarpur 3,397 15,82,793 466
Jalandhar Jalandhar 2,625 21,81,753 831
Kapurthala Kapurthala 1,646 8,17,668 501
Ludhiana Ludhiana 3,744 34,87,882 975
Mansa Mansa 2,174 7,68,808 350
Moga Moga 2,235 9,92,289 444
Sri Muktsar Sahib Sri Muktsar Sahib 2,596 9,02,702 348
Pathankot Pathankot 929 6,26,154 674
Patiala Patiala 3,175 28,92,282 596
Rupnagar Rupnagar 1,400 6,83,349 488
Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar Mohali 1,188 9,86,147 830
Sangrur Sangrur 3,685 16,54,408 449
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar Nawanshahr 1,283 6,14,362 479
Tarn Taran Tarn Taran Sahib 2,414 11,20,070 464





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