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Tamil Nadu

• Tamil Nadu is situated on the southern part of India.

• It is surrounded by the Indian Ocean to the east and south, Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the northwest and Andhra Pradesh to the north.

• Total area of the state is 1,30,058 square km.

• Total district in the state is 32.

• Population in the state is more than 7 cores according to 2011 census.

• Literacy rate in the state is 90.3 %.

• Tamil is the official language of Tamil Nadu.

• Chennai is the capital and largest city in the state.

• Chennai was formerly known as Madras.

• Kaveri, Pniyar, Bhavani etc are the major rivers in the state.

• Tamil Nadu is the second largest contributor to India's GDP. The economy of the state mainly depends on Agriculture and Industry. Textiles and Engineering, Leather industry, Automobiles, Software, Heavy Industry are the major industries in Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu film industry is also the second largest film industry in India.

• Pongal is one of the famous festivals celebrated in Tamil Nadu.

• Kanyakumari, Marina beach, Rameswaram Temple, Kodaikanal, Coonoor etc are the major tourist attraction places in Tamil Nadu.

• Marina beach in Chennai is the longest natural urban beach in the country and second longest in the world.

• Bharata natyam, one of India’s major classical dance forms is originated from Tamil Nadu.


Districts of Tamil Nadu
Name Headquarters Area (km2) Population (2011) Population Density (/km2)
Ariyalur Ariyalur 3,208 7,54,894 235
Chengalpattu Chengalpattu 2,944.96 25,56,244 868
Chennai Chennai 178.2 46,46,732 26,076
Coimbatore Coimbatore 4,723 34,58,045 732
Cuddalore Cuddalore 3,678 26,05,914 709
Dharmapuri Dharmapuri 4,497.77 15,06,843 335
Dindigul Dindigul 6,266.64 21,59,775 345
Erode Erode 5,722 22,51,744 394
Kallakurichi Kallakurichi 3,520.37 13,70,281 389
Kanchipuram Kanchipuram 1,655.94 11,66,401 704
Kanniyakumari Nagercoil 1,672 18,70,374 1,119
Karur Karur 2,895.57 10,64,493 357
Krishnagiri Krishnagiri 5,143 18,79,809 366
Madurai Madurai 3,741.73 30,38,252 812
Mayiladuthurai Mayiladuthurai - - -
Nagapattinam Nagapattinam - - -
Namakkal Namakkal 3,363 17,26,601 513
Nilgiris Udhagamandalam 2,452.50 7,35,394 300
Perambalur Perambalur 3,690.07 5,65,223 153
Pudukkottai Pudukottai 4,663 16,18,345 347
Ramanathapuram Ramanathapuram 4,089.57 13,53,445 331
Ranipet Ranipet 2,234.32 12,10,277 542
Salem Salem 5,205 34,82,056 669
Sivagangai Sivagangai 4,086 13,39,101 328
Tenkasi Tenkasi 2916.13 14,07,627 483
Thanjavur Thanjavur 3,396.57 24,05,890 708
Theni Theni 3,066 12,45,899 406
Thoothukudi Thoothukudi 4,621 17,50,176 379
Tiruchirappalli Tiruchirappalli 4,407 27,22,290 618
Tirunelveli Tirunelveli 3842.37 16,65,253 433
Tirupattur Tirupattur 1,792.92 11,11,812 620
Tiruppur Tiruppur 5,186.34 24,79,052 478
Tiruvallur Tiruvallur 3424 37,28,104 1,089
Tiruvannamalai Tiruvannamalai 6,191 24,64,875 398
Tiruvarur Thiruvarur 2,161 12,64,277 585
Vellore Vellore 2080.11 16,14,242 776
Viluppuram Viluppuram 3725.54 20,93,003 562
Virudhunagar Virudhunagar 4,288 19,42,288 453






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