|Spanish conquistador Pedro de Mendoza founded the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
|Scottish sailor Alexander Selkirk rescued after four years alone on an island off the coast of Chile.
|Germany surrenders at Stalingrad, Russia.
|Idi Amin became dictator of Uganda.
|The last Soviet armored column leaves from Afghanistan.
|South African President De Klerk lifted the 30-year ban African National Congress.
|Czech Republic President Vaclav Havel stepped down after 13 years.