Today in History- 1st January

International Events:

404 AD               The last gladiatorial competition in Rome takes place.

1801                   The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

1804                 Haiti becomes first black republic and first independent country in the West Indies after French end its rules.

1863                 The executive order Emancipation Proclamation issued by President Abraham Lincoln.

1914                 St. Petersburg Tampa Airboat Line, The world's first airline starts operation in St. Petersburg, Florida.

1958                 The European Community is established.

1959                 Fidel Castro replaced Fulgencio Batista government with a revolutionary socialist state after an armed revolt of 5 years.

1993                 Czechoslovakia divides into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

1994                 The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) went into effect.

2002                 Euro coins and notes went into circulation in most of the European countries.

2007                 Bulgaria and Romania joins the European Union.

2011                 Brazil swears in Dilma Rousseff, its first female president.
In India:

1877                 Queen Victoria of Britain is proclaimed Empress of India.

1978                 213 passenger were killed when an Air India Flight 855 Boeing 747 crashes into the Arabian Sea near Bombay.