Uttar Pradesh (UP) is a state located in the northern part of India. It is the most populous state in the country and the fourth largest in terms of area. The capital and largest city of UP is Lucknow. The state has a rich cultural heritage and history, and has been an important center of learning, religion, and culture throughout history. Uttar Pradesh is known for its religious and historical significance, with several important religious sites such as the Kashi Vishwanath Temple, the Allahabad Fort, the Ramkatha Park and the Taj Mahal in Agra, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The state is also known for its agricultural production, particularly for its production of sugarcane, wheat, and rice. UP is also known for its industrial sector, with major industries including textiles, sugar, and engineering. Uttar Pradesh is bordered by the Indian states of Uttarakhand to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the northwest, Haryana and Delhi to the west, Rajasthan to the southwest, Madhya Pradesh to the south, and Bihar to the east. The Ganges River and its tributaries flow through the state, and the state has its own language known as Hindi and Urdu which is spoken by majority of its population.
Below are some important points to remember about Uttar Pradesh:
• Uttar Pradesh is located in the northern part of India.
• The state was created as United Provinces on 1 April 1937 and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950.
• The state share its border with Haryana and Delhi to the northwest, Rajasthan to the west, Bihar to the east, Uttarakhand, and Nepal to the north, Jharkhand to the southeast, Madhya Pradesh to the southwest, and Chhattisgarh to the south.
• Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh.
• The state has a total area of 243,286 square Km with 75 districts.
• Total population in the state is 19,95,81,477 according to the 2011 census, which is the highest among any states in India.
• Density in the state is 820 per square km.
• Literacy rate in the state is 67.68 %.
• Hindi is the official language of Uttar Pradesh.
• Lucknow, Ghaziabad, Kanpur, Moradabad, Aligarh, Varanasi are the main cities in UP. The economy of the state mainly depends on Agriculture and service industries.
• Total members in Lok Sabha from Uttar Pradesh are 80, which are the highest by any state in India.
• Ganga, Yamuna, Gomti are the main rivers in the state which flows through the state.
• Agra, Mathura, Vrindavan, Lucknow, Ayodhya, Kaushambi, Kapilvastu, Allahabad, Sarnath, Chitrakoot, etc are the main tourist attraction place in the state.
• World famous Taj Mahal which is the main tourist attraction in India, is located in Agra.