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West Bengal

• West Bengal is located on the eastern part of India on the Bay of Bengal.

• The state was established on 1st November 1956.

• The state has a total area of 88,752 square km.

• West Bengal has 20 districts.

• West Bengal share its boundary with Sikkim and Bhutan in north, Assam in the northeast, Bangladesh in the east, Bay of Bengal in the south, Orissa in the southwest, Jharkhand and Bihar in the west, and Nepal in the northwest.

• The total population of the state is 91,347,736 with a density of 1000 per square km.

• The literacy rate in the state is 77.08 %.

• Kolkata is the capital city of West Bengal.

• Kolkata is also known as "City of Joy".

• The economy of the state is depends on mainly agriculture.

• Kolkata, Darjeeling, Victoria Memorial, Vidyasagar Setu, Shantiniketan, Sunderbans Tiger Reserve, Dakshineswar Kali Temple etc are the main tourist attraction in West Bengal.

• Darjeeling is one of the favourite hill stations in India. Durga Puja is the main and widely celebrated festival in West Bengal.

• Ganga and Hooghly are the main rivers of West Bengal.

• National Library of India in Kolkata is the biggest library in the country.

• Birla Planetarium, Kolkata is the largest planetarium in Asia and the second largest planetarium in the world.


Districts of West Bengal
Name Headquarters Area (km2) Population (2011) Population Density (/km2)
Alipurduar Alipurduar 3,383  17,00,000 400
Bankura Bankura 6,882  35,96,292 523
Paschim Bardhaman Asansol 1,603.17  28,82,031 1,100
Purba Bardhaman Bardhaman 5,432.69  48,35,532 890
Birbhum Suri 4,545 35,02,387 771
Cooch Behar Cooch Behar 3,387 28,22,780 833
Darjeeling Darjeeling 2,092.5  17,97,422 859
Uttar Dinajpur Raiganj 3,140  30,00,849 956
Dakshin Dinajpur Balurghat 2,219  16,70,931 753
Hooghly Chinsura 3,149  55,20,389 1,753
Howrah Howrah 1,467  48,50,029 3,306
Jalpaiguri Jalpaiguri 2,844  21,72,846 621
Jhargram Jhargram 3,037.64  11,36,548 374
Kolkata Kolkata 185  44,86,679 24,252
Kalimpong Kalimpong 1,044  2,51,642 239
Malda Malda City 3,733 39,97,970 1,071
Paschim Medinipur Medinipur 9,345 59,43,300 636
Purba Medinipur Tamluk 4,736  50,94,238 1,076
Murshidabad Baharampur 5,324  71,02,430 1,334
Nadia Krishnanagar 3,927  51,68,488 1,316
North 24 Parganas Barasat 4,094  1,00,82,852 2,463
South 24 Parganas Alipore 9,960 81,53,176 819
Purulia Purulia 6,259 29,27,965 468